Mitochondria are spherical or rod-shaped organelles found within the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells, referred to as the powerhouse of the cell as they act as the site for the production … Continue Reading Decades-long mystery solved of how mitochondria’s energy currency is maintained.
Approximately one out of a hundred people suffer from epilepsy and one out of twenty suffer a seizure at least once during their lifetime. Seizures occur when many nerve cells … Continue Reading Researchers identify a new neural mechanism in epilepsy.
The molecular switches regulating human cell growth do a great job of replacing cells that die during the course of a lifetime. However, when they misfire, life-threatening cancers can occur. … Continue Reading Study identifies electrical control of cancer cell proliferation.
Sleep seems simple enough, a state of rest and restoration that almost every vertebrate creature must enter regularly in order to survive. However, the brain responds differently to stimuli when … Continue Reading Researchers identify the calcium channel in the brain essential for deep sleep.
A team of researchers have made a significant discovery in the mechanism of brain swelling, paving the way to preventative treatment for severe to fatal brain damage following stroke, head … Continue Reading Researchers stop brain swelling at the source in animal model.
Researchers have uncovered a unique connection between diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease, providing further evidence that a disease that robs people of their memories may be affected by elevated blood sugar, … Continue Reading Scientists find new link between diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease.
Researchers have performed the first human-based study to identify calcium channels in cerebral arteries and determine the distinct role each channel plays in helping control blood flow to the brain. … Continue Reading Researchers show how calcium ion-channels control arterial tone and blood flow in the brain.
Researchers from the University of Bern have discovered a mechanism that is responsible for the level of chronic pain in the brain. The results of this study point to new … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map chronic pain memory in the brain.
New research from The University of Queensland shows that seven compounds of the countless found in spider venom block a key step in the body’s ability to pass pain signals … Continue Reading Analysis of spider venom reveals multiple compounds with potential to relieve chronic pain.
The human body consists of almost 100 billion neurons that contain synapses, point-to-point contacts for information transfer. Every function, feeling and action depends on the ability of synapses within neurons … Continue Reading New insights into the regulation of neuroplasticity.
After an incomplete spinal cord injury, the body can partially recover basic motor function. So-called muscle spindles and associated sensory circuits back to the spinal chord promote the establishment of … Continue Reading Trigger mechanism for recovery after spinal cord injury identified.
Researchers have discovered a mechanism linked to the brain damage often suffered by stroke victims, and are now searching for drugs to block it. Strokes happen when the blood supply … Continue Reading Researchers identify the mechanism of stroke damage.
Anesthesia, long considered a blessing to patients and surgeons, has been a mystery for much of its 160-plus-year history in the operating room. No one could figure out how these … Continue Reading Study begins to unravel the 160-year old mystery of the mechanism of anesthesia.
A common protein plays a different role than previously thought in the opening and closing of channels that let ions flow in and out of our cells, researchers at Johns … Continue Reading Study gives new view on how ion-channel activity is regulated.
Researchers at the University of California, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and Marine Biological Laboratory, have created a cellular probe that combines a tarantula toxin with a fluorescent compound to help … Continue Reading Tarantula venom illuminates electrical activity in live neurons for the first time.