The development of neural connectivity is essential for brain function, and disruption of this process is associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Now, a study from researchers led by McMaster … Continue Reading Study identifies autism gene which regulates dendrite development to slow down brain communication.
Memories are formed at structures in the brain known as dendritic spines which communicate with other brain cells via synapses. It is known that the number of these brain connections … Continue Reading Study identifies cause of dendritic pruning defect linked to autism and schizophrenia.
Nanovaccine successfully protects against primary and secondary female genital herpes infections in animals.
Herpes simplex virus-2, which causes serious eye infections in newborns and immunocompromised patients as well as genital herpes, is one of the most common human viruses. According to the Centers … Continue Reading Nanovaccine successfully protects against primary and secondary female genital herpes infections in animals.
Dendritic spines are specialized protrusions responsible for receiving excitatory synaptic inputs, providing an important function in communication between neurons. The majority of excitatory synapses in the brain exist on dendritic … Continue Reading Novel molecule promotes the neuronal structures associated with memory to grow.
The intriguing relationship between metabolism and the immune system has been receiving increasing attention over the past few years. It is known that macrophages accumulate in adipose tissue during obesity. … Continue Reading Researchers identify immune cells that fight obesity in animal model.
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and … Continue Reading Researchers link obesity to a faulty immune system in animal model.
Last December, researchers identified more than 1,000 gene mutations in individuals with autism, however, it was still unclear as to how these mutations increased the risk for autism. Now, UNC … Continue Reading Researchers identify the single epigenetic mutation which causes autism.
Researchers from the University of Helsinki, ETH Zürich, Aix-Marseille and the German Mouse Clinic teamed up to investigate the initiation process of dendritic spines. They discovered that protein called MIM … Continue Reading Researchers discover an initiation mechanism for dendritic spines.
Repeated alcohol exposure during adolescence results in long-lasting changes in the region of the brain that controls learning and memory, according to a research team at Duke Medicine that used … Continue Reading Researchers find that repeated alcohol exposure during adolescence results in lasting impairments.
Every time a person makes a memory, somewhere in their brain a tiny filament reaches out from one neuron and forms an electrochemical connection to a neighbouring neuron. A team … Continue Reading Mapping the neuroanatomy of a memory.
A small number of children who catch the influenza virus fall so ill they end up in the hospital, perhaps needing ventilators to breathe, even while their family and friends … Continue Reading Epigenetic mutation helps explain why, in rare cases, flu can kill.
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study describes the activity of a recently discovered communication molecule of the body’s immune system, Interleukin 37 or IL-37. It has been known to … Continue Reading From HIV to cancer, Interleukin 37 (IL-37) regulates the immune system.