In adult reproduction daily oral contraceptive pills provide women with a means to avoid pregnancy which can support their health and economical situation. For oral contraception to be effective, consistent … Continue Reading Once-a-month oral contraceptive pill developed.
Critically, the growth of children’s bones depends on growth plates situated close to the end of all long bones in the body. These plates are narrow discs of cartilage providing … Continue Reading New mechanism of bone growth uncovered.
The human heart has four valves, thin membranes known to open and close to control blood flow through the heart and the rest of the body. When the valves do … Continue Reading New type of immune cell discovered is crucial for heart valve formation.
Researchers in the field of evolutionary development have long sought to understand how genetic mutations millions of years ago changed embryonic development to yield the diverse animal forms seen today. … Continue Reading Researchers de-extinct flies with ancient genes to study evolution.
Tooth loss is a major public health issue affecting more than 158 million people worldwide. The current standard of care is to replace missing teeth with synthetic dental implants, and/or … Continue Reading Researchers successfully implant and innervate bioengineered teeth derived from postnatal cells.
Some expectant parents play classical music for their unborn babies hoping to boost their children’s cognitive capacity, and while some research supports a relationship between prenatal sound exposure and improved … Continue Reading Researchers identify first responders to sound in the brain.
Identifying relevant genetic interactions contributing to neurodevelopmental disorders is a huge challenge facing scientists. Now, a study from researchers at the Whitehead Institute identifies a direct link between deletions in … Continue Reading Genetic body/brain connection identified in genomic region linked to autism.
During brain development, the formation of neuronal synapses at the right time, the right place, and the right strength are crucial to the ongoing function of the brain throughout life. … Continue Reading Astrocytes regulate the formation of synapses in neurodevelopment.
The brain consists of two major types of cells, namely neurons and glial cells, with the immune-based glial cells providing support and protection for neurons in the central and peripheral … Continue Reading Study identifies previously unknown role of microglia in neurodevelopment.
An intricate sensory network intertwined across our bodies, the nervous system requires a specialized network of blood vessels for its development and survival. However, it is still unclear as to … Continue Reading Study shows that neurons modulate the growth of blood vessels.
The basic human body plan, the arrangement of organs in the body, is laid down during embryonic development. Insight into the formation of this plan informs researchers re normal development … Continue Reading New 3D atlas of human embryonic growth clears up many misconceptions on development.
Robotics has attracted great interest among teachers and researchers as a valuable tool for developing cognitive and social skills of students, from kindergarten to middle-level education, supporting science, mathematics, technology, … Continue Reading New emotional-based AI is a step forward in using robotic tutors in primary school classrooms.
During exercise, muscle function needs to significantly increase; this requires that the uptake and breakdown of the two main nutrients of myofibers, glucose and fatty acids (FAs), markedly rise. The … Continue Reading First ever bone-derived hormone to affect exercise capacity identified.
Towards a universal HIV vaccine with the identification of first immature ‘elite controller’ antibody.
HIV has been hard to beat as the virus mutates rapidly and has a sturdy set of defenses, including a ‘shield’ of glycan molecules on the surface of its envelope … Continue Reading Towards a universal HIV vaccine with the identification of first immature ‘elite controller’ antibody.
Research into bioengineering has led to important achievements in recent years, with a number of different tissue types being developed. In the area of skin tissue epithelial cells have been … Continue Reading Researcher successfully grow complex, implantable, skin tissue for the first time.
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a group of highly inheritable behavioural disorders. Patients with ASD have mild to severe communication difficulties, repetitive behaviour and social challenges. Such disorders significantly challenge … Continue Reading Study identifies neurogenetics that link abnormal neurodevelopment to ASD.