Like a silent assassin neurodegenerative diseases can cause the central nervous system to slowly deteriorate over time, which can lead to severe disorders involving movement or cognition. Neurodegenerative diseases, which … Continue Reading Previously unknown brain disorder identified.
It is hoped constructing living artificial cells will help understand the evolutionary transition from non-living to living matter on earth and help develop biology-based devices capable of sensing light and … Continue Reading Artificial cells produce their own energy and synthesize themselves.
One percent of adults and 5% of children are unable to achieve what most of us take for granted, speaking without stuttering. Instead, they struggle with words, often repeating the … Continue Reading Researchers map the cause of stuttering in the brain.
Memories are formed at structures in the brain known as dendritic spines which communicate with other brain cells via synapses. It is known that the number of these brain connections … Continue Reading Study identifies cause of dendritic pruning defect linked to autism and schizophrenia.
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a group of highly inheritable behavioural disorders. Patients with ASD have mild to severe communication difficulties, repetitive behaviour and social challenges. Such disorders significantly challenge … Continue Reading Study identifies neurogenetics that link abnormal neurodevelopment to ASD.
More than 40,000 babies in the United States, or about 1 in 100 births, are born annually with a congenital heart defect. Congenital heart defect, is a problem in the … Continue Reading Researchers identify natural triggers to ‘override’ congenital heart defect in newborns.
Autism is a lifelong neurodevelopmental disorder that affects how a person communicates with, and relates to, other people. Repetitive and restricted behaviour is perhaps the most widely recognized of the … Continue Reading Neuroimaging maps behaviour, brain structure difference in girls and boys with autism.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a painful, chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, affecting roughly two million children and adults in the U.S. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) beginning in childhood tends … Continue Reading Study identifies gene variants in inflammatory bowel disease under Age 5.
Dividing cells are prone to errors, and so they must be prepared to summon sophisticated emergency systems to deal with potential damage. One type of division-derailing mishap can occur when … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown part of the ICL DNA repair pathway.
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, a team of UCLA researchers have shown for the first time that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who are overly sensitive to sensory stimuli … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map sensory over-responsivity in autistic children and adolescents.
Researchers from the University of Helsinki, ETH Zürich, Aix-Marseille and the German Mouse Clinic teamed up to investigate the initiation process of dendritic spines. They discovered that protein called MIM … Continue Reading Researchers discover an initiation mechanism for dendritic spines.
Previous studies have shown that the connection in the adult brain are hard to change, while in children, novel experiences rapidly mold new connections during critical periods of brain development. … Continue Reading Researchers reactivate juvenile neural plasticity in adult brains.
Hyperactivity and social abnormalities are defining characteristics of ADHD and autism, two developmental disorders that parents and scientists around the world are struggling to understand. At the RIKEN Brain Science … Continue Reading Researchers identify protein responsible for regulating dopamine levels in the brain.