Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health issue, affecting over 10 percent of the global population, frequently occurring as a result of other disorders such as hypertension, diabetes, … Continue Reading Blocking brain signals detected in the kidney could help unlock treatments for kidney failure.
The sugar epidemic in America has reached deadly proportions with the average person’s intake of this substance now averaging more than 100 pounds annually. Sugar addiction has been linked to … Continue Reading Researchers discover & map a new gut-to-brain sugar pathway.
Used to evaluate whether a person is at a healthy weight or not, regardless or appearances, Body Mass Index (BMI) is a value derived from the weight and height of … Continue Reading New regulation for infant growth identified.
Obesity and its associated illness type 2 diabetes (T2D) have reached epidemic proportions worldwide. Increased food intake and lack of exercise are two main contributing factors, with past research firmly … Continue Reading Specific microbiota identified which prevents obesity.
Trillions of symbiotic microorganisms have evolved with and continue to live on and within human beings. Paired with other tiny organisms like viruses and fungi, they make up what’s known … Continue Reading Gut microbiota contributes to Type 2 diabetes.
In patients with diabetes, the immune system attacks the pancreas, eventually leaving patients without the ability to naturally control blood sugar. These patients must carefully monitor the amount of sugar … Continue Reading Living drug factories can be implanted to produce insulin for months.
Researchers have long explored ways to transplant pancreatic islets to treat type I diabetes in the long term to eliminate the need for continuous glucose monitoring and insulin injections. However, … Continue Reading Tiny drug-delivering capsules could sustain transplanted insulin-producing cells.
The brain is the key regulator of appetite, body weight, and metabolism, controlling the passage of every nutrient that enters and exits the body. Specifically, there is a small group … Continue Reading Study finds small colony of neurons modulate amount of insulin the pancreas produces.
Brown or good fat has long been investigated as a treatment for obesity and Type 2 diabetes due to the fact it burns energy faster than white fat, a type … Continue Reading Somatosensory neuron receptors used to form brown fat, have implications for diabetes and obesity.
Type I diabetes is a disease with two parts, firstly, the beta cells are killed by the body’s own immune system, and then secondly they fail to regenerate, causing the … Continue Reading Previously unknown type of regenerating insulin-producing cell discovered.
Vital to our bodies, preproglucagon otherwise known as GCG peptides act in both the periphery and the CNS to change food intake, glucose homeostasis, and metabolic rate. Although the actions … Continue Reading Neurons successfully regulate appetite and glucose levels in mice.
When exposed to cold, clusters of cells within the body’s white fat become beige, a colour change which reflects the creation of more energy-producing mitochondria, cellular components that enable cells … Continue Reading Study shows that fat cells which amplify nerve signals in response to cold also affect blood sugar.
Several healthinnovations or disruptive technologies can be identified that might, at some point in the future, displace established laboratory medicine technologies and practices. One of these highly desirable technologies is … Continue Reading Researchers report the invention of glucose-sensing contact lens.
For raised heath properties it is known that, compared with modern grain varieties which are often heavily refined, ancient grains offer antioxidant and anti-inflammatory profiles. They also contain beneficial vitamins … Continue Reading Human trial suggests eating bread made with ancient grains lowers cholesterol and blood glucose.
It is known that insulin resistance is present long before the onset of type 2 diabetes and results not only from genetics and lifestyle factors but likely also from environmental … Continue Reading Large-scale study shows that air pollution raises type 2 diabetes risk.
Generally, researchers divide the human immune system into two parts. One part, called the innate immune system, allows for immediate and direct recognition of invading bacteria. It prompts immune cells … Continue Reading Study identifies previously unknown mechanism of the immune system.