Causing contrasting episodes of mania and depression bipolar disorder (BD) can be an exhausting illness. BD is a chronic and recurrent mental disorder with a worldwide prevalence of around 0.8%, … Continue Reading Gut microbiota significantly different in patients with bipolar disorder.
Insomnia is a sleep disorder where people have difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep for a healthy amount of time, with over 770 million people suffering from sleeplessness worldwide. Currently, … Continue Reading 1.3 million patient study identifies brain cells involved in insomnia.
Self-harm is when somebody intentionally damages or injures their body as a way of coping with very difficult feelings, painful memories or overwhelming situations. Self-inflicted injury in adolescence is a … Continue Reading Neuroimaging maps brain changes in self-harming teenage girls.
Mental illness, particularly bipolar disorder and depression, can be difficult to diagnose as many conditions have similar symptoms. These two illnesses are virtually identical except individuals with bipolar disorder also … Continue Reading Neuroimaging distinguishes between bipolar disorder and depression in human study.
One percent of adults and 5% of children are unable to achieve what most of us take for granted, speaking without stuttering. Instead, they struggle with words, often repeating the … Continue Reading Researchers map the cause of stuttering in the brain.
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a long-term neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system whose symptoms generally come on slowly over time, mainly affecting the motor system. The most common genetic … Continue Reading Scientists identify a role for main Parkinson’s gene in the brain.
During brain development, the formation of neuronal synapses at the right time, the right place, and the right strength are crucial to the ongoing function of the brain throughout life. … Continue Reading Astrocytes regulate the formation of synapses in neurodevelopment.
Brown or good fat has long been investigated as a treatment for obesity and Type 2 diabetes due to the fact it burns energy faster than white fat, a type … Continue Reading Somatosensory neuron receptors used to form brown fat, have implications for diabetes and obesity.
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affect around 1% of the world’s population and are characterized by a range of difficulties in social interaction and communication. There are many different genetic mutations … Continue Reading Researchers identify a new form of autism.
The development of neural connectivity is essential for brain function, and disruption of this process is associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Now, a study from researchers led by McMaster … Continue Reading Study identifies autism gene which regulates dendrite development to slow down brain communication.
Genetic variation accounts for a major proportion of the liability to autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Now, a study from led by researchers at UCLA shows that in families with multiple … Continue Reading Largest study of its kind sheds new light on the complex genetics of autism.
Diabetes is a chronic condition that causes high blood sugar levels that are potentially fatal if left unmanaged. Injection of insulin is the primary treatment against this disease. Unfortunately a … Continue Reading New insulin pill successful in animal studies.
It is known that genetics plays a role in obesity, with genes directly causing obesity in disorders such as Bardet-Biedl syndrome and Prader-Willi syndrome. However, genes and behaviour may both … Continue Reading Human study shows ‘aggressive drunk’ gene may protect carriers from obesity and associated risks.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition that manifests in early childhood and is characterized by impairments in social communication and presence of stereotyped behaviours and restricted interests, with … Continue Reading Mothers with diabetes more likely to have autism-linked anti-fetal brain autoantibodies.
T cells are the immune cells responsible for recognizing and destroying specific invaders, such as viruses, bacteria, or cancer. Their activity is highly tunable, with signals from other cells adjusting … Continue Reading Study identifies a new regulator of immune responses.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired social communication and interaction, and restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviour. Approximately 1 in 70 children are diagnosed with ASD … Continue Reading Researchers identify new blood-based biomarker for boys with autism.