Bacteria are abundant microscopic organisms found everywhere. Classed as a prokaryotic lifeform due to their unicellular status, they have many roles in nature such as being a source of numerous … Continue Reading Bacteria shown to have working memory similar to neurons.
The body’s protector from all things dangerous, the immune system is a highly adaptive line of defense in the body consisting of a network of cells, skin and proteins guarding … Continue Reading First three-component artificial immune system made of DNA computers.
The enigmatic giant virus is a recently discovered subclass of extremely large viruses infecting eukaryotic organisms. These viruses are characterized by the large size of their virions and contain many … Continue Reading Researchers discover new virus with no recognizable genes.
In a partnership thought to originate in ancient times the presence of mitochondria in human cells originates from a symbiotic relationship between primitive eukaryotic cells and prokaryotes. Mitochondria are responsible … Continue Reading A new component of human blood identified.
In the vast microscopic world contained within the human body, a universal component of all cell membranes is known as a lipid bilayer, a biological membrane consisting of two layers … Continue Reading Synthetic DNA nanopore selects and transports macromolecules across cell membranes.
In the past chimeras, an unnatural amalgamation of two different species was the stuff of futuristic sci-fiction comics, today this promising genetic engineering technique is less scary as it becomes … Continue Reading First pig-monkey chimera engineered and born.
For the greatest chance of survival, cancer screening needs to detect the disease before symptoms appear. Current cancer detection involves blood tests, urine tests, DNA tests, and/or medical imaging, however, … Continue Reading DNA computer can detect cancer on a single-cell basis.
Cancer is a genetic disease, caused by specific changes to the genes controlling the way cells function, particularly how they grow and divide. Genes are functional units of heredity made … Continue Reading Ancient DNA could identify and kill cancer.
The exciting field of biocomputing, involving processing and storing information in living cells, is currently being developed with a view to next-generation therapeutics and for capturing events within the body. … Continue Reading New DNA computer stores long-term cellular memory.
Bio-computers use systems of biologically derived molecules, such as DNA and proteins, to build circuitry inside cells which can perform computational calculations involving storing, retrieving, and processing data. In turn, … Continue Reading Artificial protein builds autonomous circuits to control any cellular process.
In early evolution gene duplication is an important event that resulted in new genes and genetically novel organisms. A classic example is the small soluble protein ferredoxin, an iron-sulfur protein … Continue Reading Researchers insert a synthetic primordial protein into a living organism.
Researchers have long been using the field of optogenetics, a biological technique involving the use of light to control cells in living tissue, typically neurons, which have been engineered to … Continue Reading Researchers wirelessly hack master gene using nanophotonics.
One of the greatest failures in drug treatments is adherence with many patients currently being treated with several different medications at fixed intervals, which can increase the risk of doses … Continue Reading Synthetic DNA controls release of active ingredients from drugs.
Mining the gut microbiota, the trillions of microbes living in our digestive system is a promising approach for developing new sensors providing a response to disease and abnormalities in the … Continue Reading Bacteria containing DNA computer provides diagnostics for the gut microbiota.
Ever evolving, getting more and more minute, the imaging of cells and tissues has been a cornerstone of biology ever since cells were discovered under the light microscope centuries ago. … Continue Reading Imaging gets reinvented with new DNA microscopy technique.
Synthetic biology is quickly moving towards a future where genomes can be engineered-to-order, with researchers using this discipline to better define the minimal set of genes required for a living … Continue Reading Living artificial life constructed using human DNA.