Greying hair, crow’s feet, an injury that’s taking longer to heal now one is older, faced with the unmistakable signs of aging, most people have had a least one fantasy … Continue Reading Epigenetic reprogramming used to reverse signs of aging in animal model.
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death worldwide and represent a substantial economic burden on public health care systems. Now, a study from researchers at Uppsala University shows that … Continue Reading Large-scale study shows that memory, epigenetics of a heart attack are stored in person’s genes.
Approximately 16% of adults in the United States report drug use, however, not everyone who experiments with drugs becomes an addict. Environmental and societal factors play a role in addiction … Continue Reading First ever study identifies epigenetic markers that influence addiction in animal model.
Obesity has become a major health threat, affecting more than half a billion people worldwide in 2014. In particular, obesity increases the risk for insulin resistance, hypertension, coronary heart disease … Continue Reading Epigenetic modification which raises obesity risk and predicts fatty liver identified.
Diffuse gliomas represent 80% of all malignant brain tumours. Adult diffuse gliomas are classified and graded according to histological criteria. However, although histopathology classification is well established it suffers from unstandardized, … Continue Reading Large-scale study identifies new epigenetic subtypes of brain cancer.
As the population continues to age, the need for biological measures of age and more precise screening tests for age-related diseases is becoming increasingly urgent. Epigenetics serves as an intersection … Continue Reading New epigenetic predictor of cancer validated in human study.
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic illness characterised by the presence of elevated blood glucose levels. It accounts for between 80 and 90% of diabetes cases and is one of … Continue Reading Large-scale study identifies an epigenetic marker for Type 2 diabetes.
The human nervous system is made up of an astonishing diversity of neurons. And yet only a very small number of proteins are needed to generate and determine the identity … Continue Reading Researchers identify a previously unknown regulatory mechanism of neurogenesis.
Epigenetics is a process whereby environmental factors can affect DNA and the mechanism by which DNA is transcribed and translated into proteins. Epigenetic regulation has been observed to affect a … Continue Reading Researchers reprogram social behaviour in carpenter ants using epigenetic drugs.
A fundamental law of genetics states that progenies do not inherit epigenetically-based adaptive, pathological or neural features acquired in response to environmental conditions. However, recent studies seem to contradict this … Continue Reading Researchers map ‘epigenetic inheritability’ in fathers sperm caused by diet.
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is found in the brain cells of approximately 90% of the world’s population and leads to cold sores, recurrent eye infections, genital lesions, and in rare … Continue Reading Study shows how the herpes simplex virus reactivates in neurons.
DNA methylation is essential for the proper control of gene expression and cell identity, what enables cells with the same genetic material to become, for example, a nerve cell, a … Continue Reading Single-cell imaging developed which can record DNA methylation in real time.
Methylation is a process where a methyl group is added into critical points along human DNA. In cancer, many regions of the DNA are not methylated, leading to untimely gene … Continue Reading Researchers identify an epigenetic mechanism for colon cancer proliferation.
After it is transcribed from DNA, RNA can go on to many fates. While the most familiar path may lead directly to the production of protein, RNA molecules themselves can … Continue Reading Researchers unlock another piece of the RNA sequencing puzzle.
The mammalian target of rapamycin, a drug originally developed to prevent immunosuppression, is mTOR. mTOR is one of the most critical proteins in the control of cell proliferation, including cancer. … Continue Reading Study identifies mTOR pathway that controls cancer proliferation via nutrients.
Last December, researchers identified more than 1,000 gene mutations in individuals with autism, however, it was still unclear as to how these mutations increased the risk for autism. Now, UNC … Continue Reading Researchers identify the single epigenetic mutation which causes autism.