Staggeringly, more than one million artificial pacemakers are implanted in patients across the globe annually due to abnormal heart rhythms. The devices are placed in the chest or abdomen, using … Continue Reading Biological pacemakers produced from human fat cells.
Used to evaluate whether a person is at a healthy weight or not, regardless or appearances, Body Mass Index (BMI) is a value derived from the weight and height of … Continue Reading New regulation for infant growth identified.
The microbiota is a diverse bacterial microorganism living in and on all mammals whose metabolic product provides balance, immunity and, in some cases, disease to the host’s body. Therefore, it … Continue Reading Microbiome activity revealed in unprecedented detail by tRNA sequencing.
In cancer, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process where tumors assume a mesenchymal cell phenotype to enhance metastasis, invasiveness, and elevated resistance to cell death. Now, researchers from the University … Continue Reading Breast cancer cells coaxed into turning into fat cells.
Welcome to The Top 10 Healthinnovations of 2017, the fourth year in the highly successful series covering the best discoveries for the year, as decided by you, the reader. The … Continue Reading The Top 10 Healthinnovations of 2017.
Brown or good fat has long been investigated as a treatment for obesity and Type 2 diabetes due to the fact it burns energy faster than white fat, a type … Continue Reading Somatosensory neuron receptors used to form brown fat, have implications for diabetes and obesity.
Cell ablation is an important tool for selectively destroying one or multiple cells in a given organism to remove a disease such as cancer or to produce the desired response … Continue Reading Researchers successfully eliminate neurons outside the brain to trigger obesity.
It is known that around the body, fat deposits contain many mature fat cells and small numbers of stem cells. These stem cells can differentiate into more fat cells, however, … Continue Reading Hormone that controls maturation of fat stem cells identified.
When exposed to cold, clusters of cells within the body’s white fat become beige, a colour change which reflects the creation of more energy-producing mitochondria, cellular components that enable cells … Continue Reading Study shows that fat cells which amplify nerve signals in response to cold also affect blood sugar.
High-density lipoproteins are complex particles composed of multiple proteins which transport fat molecules around the body. High-density lipoprotein particles are sometimes referred to as good cholesterol because they can transport … Continue Reading Human study identifies link between the GALNT2 gene and levels of HDL cholesterol.
It has been established that not all cancer cells are equally aggressive, most can be neutralised with radiation and chemotherapy. Now, a study from researchers at Lund University shows that … Continue Reading Study shows cancer cells can become aggressive and metastasize by storing fat cells.
Worldwide obesity has more than doubled since 1980. In 2014, there were over 600 million people classified as obese, making up 13% of the global population. Researchers have long known … Continue Reading Researchers stimulate brown-fat in animals to improve weight-management and glucose control.
With type 1 diabetes too much glucose and fat circulating in the blood help make cardiovascular disease the leading cause of death and disability in people with the disease. While … Continue Reading New pathway and potential treatment identified for unhealthy levels of fat in type 1 diabetes.
Brown adipose tissue, brown fat, is a key tissue that controls the energy balance of whole body. Excessive energy is dissipated in the form of heat by brown adipocytes specialized … Continue Reading Study identifies pathway in brown fat responsible for better metabolism.
Obesity increases risk of age-related cognitive decline and is accompanied by peripheral inflammation. Studies in rodent models of obesity have demonstrated that impaired hippocampal function correlates with microglial activation, however, … Continue Reading Study shows obesity causes microglia to start eating neural connections.
A mammals’ body temperature is usually constant, however, when exposed to cold their body temperature drops by few degrees before slowly rising almost back to normal. This adaptive mechanism is … Continue Reading Study shows how gut microbiota regulates weight loss & good fat in the cold.