The female uterus is essential for reproduction in all mammals, meaning any trauma or disease affecting this organ detrimentally could compromise a woman’s ability to conceive or carry a viable … Continue Reading A tissue-engineered uterus supports live births in rabbits.
After gaining the earth-shattering diagnosis of cancer, the majority of patients are often put through harrowing and contentious radiotherapy and chemotherapy treatments. Chemotherapy treatment, in particular, may seriously compromise a … Continue Reading First baby is born from a frozen, lab-matured egg.
The female biological clock is constantly ticking down with the quality of a woman’s eggs directly related to her ability to have a baby and her level of fertility. A … Continue Reading Researchers reverse the reproductive clock in mice.
In the female reproductive system ovarian follicles are the basic unit of the ovary, consisting of an immature egg, known as an oocyte, surrounded by granulosa cells. Besides being crucial … Continue Reading Mice born from eggs derived from the granulosa cells surrounding oocytes.
In adult reproduction daily oral contraceptive pills provide women with a means to avoid pregnancy which can support their health and economical situation. For oral contraception to be effective, consistent … Continue Reading Once-a-month oral contraceptive pill developed.
In genetic engineering and fertility, sperm sorting is a technique allowing the selection of the type of sperm cell to fertilize the egg cell with. It can be used to … Continue Reading Cheap, simple technique allows sex selection of sperm before fertilization.
When reproducing some reptiles, amphibians, and fish can procreate with same-sex parents, however, it’s challenging for mammals to do the same even with the help of fertilization technology. Now, a … Continue Reading Researchers produce mouse pups with same-sex parents.
Men have two practical choices for contraception, namely, the condom accompanied by a high failure rate of approximately 18 percent or a vasectomy known to be expensive and hard to … Continue Reading Male contraceptive successfully stops sperm without affecting hormones in monkeys.
Through millions of years of trained evolution, all living organisms adapt their behavior in response to infection, however, the mechanisms behind this are less understood. Now, a study led by … Continue Reading Neurons regulate reproduction in fruit flies during infection.
Prematurely born babies may experience lifelong, debilitating consequences with the underlying mechanisms of this condition not well understood, due in part to the difficulties of experimenting with intact, living human … Continue Reading Researchers successfully develop first ever placenta-on-a-chip.
Preterm birth is a leading cause of infant mortality that can lead to poor life-long health and adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. The physiologic mechanisms that precede preterm labor remain elusive, and … Continue Reading Epigenetics and environmental factors identified in preterm birth.
Now, researchers at Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre have identified a link between the BRCA1 gene mutation and lower levels of a hormone that is an indicator of the number of … Continue Reading Gene mutation implicated in cancer also linked to lower fertility in women.
In humans, the surgical removal of an ovary or ovaries is most often performed due to diseases such as ovarian cysts or cancer, or in conjunction with hysterectomy. In the … Continue Reading 3D-printed ovary bioprosthesis restores fertility in mice.
Infertility affects up to 15% of couples, with roughly one-third of all cases being caused by male infertility. One major cause of male infertility is the failure of precursor germ … Continue Reading Stem cell technique makes first ever viable sperm-in-a-dish.
Preeclampsia, which affects 5 to 8% of pregnancies worldwide, is characterized by high blood pressure and protein in the urine. The disorder is the number one reason physicians decide to … Continue Reading New field-based test for preeclampsia validated in large-scale study.
Pre-term birth is a birth which takes place before 37 weeks of pregnancy. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2014, preterm birth affected one out of … Continue Reading Large-scale study successfully validates test for preterm birth risk.