Taste buds in the mouth are crucial for our survival, helping us to decide whether a certain food can be eaten or should be avoided. These mini warning systems contain … Continue Reading A new type of taste bud has been discovered.
During exercise, muscle function needs to significantly increase; this requires that the uptake and breakdown of the two main nutrients of myofibers, glucose and fatty acids (FAs), markedly rise. The … Continue Reading First ever bone-derived hormone to affect exercise capacity identified.
The intestines’ primary role is digestion, however, they must also achieve high performance around the clock defending against pathogens and environmental pollutants. This is because everything taken up with food … Continue Reading Study shows how an important intestinal immune response controller works.
Every day, humans constantly absorb information through their sensory organs, which the brain then needs to process correctly. The information first reaches the thalamus and then travels to the cerebral … Continue Reading Researchers identify function of higher-order thalamus for the first time.
Obesity is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer. Although obesity can stem from behavioural factors such as diet and physical inactivity, central nervous system changes can … Continue Reading Neuroimaging maps areas of the brain in obese children activated by food odours.
Individuals with schizophrenia have trouble with social interactions and in recognizing what is real. Past research has suggested that, in schizophrenia, abnormalities in the way the brain processes visual information … Continue Reading Extensive lit. review links retinal changes to brain pathology in schizophrenia.
Normal kidney function is crucial for regulation of total blood volume and vascular tone. Chronic kidney disease is the reduced ability of the kidney to carry out these functions in … Continue Reading Human study shows kidney impairment boosts risk of stroke and dementia.
Genetic studies in humans, zebrafish and mice have revealed how two different types of genetic variations team up to cause a rare condition called Hirschsprung’s disease. The findings from Johns … Continue Reading Researchers identify new genetic variants in Hirschsprung’s disease development.
A new study by researchers from Wayne State University, University of Toronto and University of Michigan demonstrates that communication between some of the brain’s most important centres is altered in … Continue Reading Neuroimaging study of brain networks maps differences in children with OCD.
New blood test identifies stroke risk following heart surgery with greater accuracy than present methods.
The results of a blood test done immediately after heart surgery can be a meaningful indicator of postoperative stroke risk, a study by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center … Continue Reading New blood test identifies stroke risk following heart surgery with greater accuracy than present methods.
After an incomplete spinal cord injury, the body can partially recover basic motor function. So-called muscle spindles and associated sensory circuits back to the spinal chord promote the establishment of … Continue Reading Trigger mechanism for recovery after spinal cord injury identified.
Decreased blood levels of a kidney-derived protein called Klotho increases the risk of heart disease in mice with kidney disease, according to a study from UT Southwestern Medical Center. If … Continue Reading Biomarker identifies heart problems in mice with kidney disease.
Researchers from Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH) have identified what they believe to be the cells responsible for fibrosis, the buildup of scar tissue. Fibrotic diseases, such as chronic kidney … Continue Reading Researchers have identified the cells responsible for fibrosis, the buildup of scar tissue.
Groundbreaking research from UT Southwestern Medical Center shows that cholesterol efflux capacity (cholesterol efflux), which measures HDL cholesterol function, appears to be a superior indicator of cardiovascular risk and a … Continue Reading New superior measurement technique of HDL cholesterol function provides cardiovascular risk.