Cancer is a genetic disease, caused by specific changes to the genes controlling the way cells function, particularly how they grow and divide. Genes are functional units of heredity made … Continue Reading Ancient DNA could identify and kill cancer.
Researchers have long been using the field of optogenetics, a biological technique involving the use of light to control cells in living tissue, typically neurons, which have been engineered to … Continue Reading Researchers wirelessly hack master gene using nanophotonics.
There has been a conspicuous increase in life-threatening food allergies in societies adopting or hosting Western-based culture. One hypothesis to explain this rising morbidity in a highly specific demographic is … Continue Reading Gut microbes from healthy infants block milk allergy development in mice.
Researchers in the field of evolutionary development have long sought to understand how genetic mutations millions of years ago changed embryonic development to yield the diverse animal forms seen today. … Continue Reading Researchers de-extinct flies with ancient genes to study evolution.
The ear is the sensory organ dedicated to hearing and balance in mammals and is usually described as having three parts, namely, the outer ear, middle ear, and the inner … Continue Reading Researchers identify three previously unknown neuronal types in the inner ear.
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic-based disorder primarily affecting the lungs. The gene affected by cystic fibrosis is CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator), controlling the movement of electrolytes in and … Continue Reading New lung cell type discovered.
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a potentially lethal disease associated with the presence of critically short telomeres, and currently lacking effective treatment. Now, a study from researchers at CNIO cures this … Continue Reading Researchers cure lung fibrosis in mice by lengthening telomeres.
DNA is the primary information storage medium in all living organisms and can be harnessed to act as synthetic cellular memory devices, one such DNA-based system harnessed for many different … Continue Reading The world’s smallest tape recorder is built from microbes.
Identifying relevant genetic interactions contributing to neurodevelopmental disorders is a huge challenge facing scientists. Now, a study from researchers at the Whitehead Institute identifies a direct link between deletions in … Continue Reading Genetic body/brain connection identified in genomic region linked to autism.
It is known that rigidity and loss of muscle function associated with Parkinson’s is linked to a depletion of dopamine in the part of the brain that controls movement. However, … Continue Reading Gene mutation identified for early onset of Parkinson’s disease in Caucasians.
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affect around 1% of the world’s population and are characterized by a range of difficulties in social interaction and communication. There are many different genetic mutations … Continue Reading Researchers identify a new form of autism.
It is known that brain structure is under strong genetic control, and while researchers understand that genes strongly underpin brain development, it is still unclear which specific genes are implicated … Continue Reading Neurogenetic twin study provides a new model of the human brain.
The development of neural connectivity is essential for brain function, and disruption of this process is associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Now, a study from researchers led by McMaster … Continue Reading Study identifies autism gene which regulates dendrite development to slow down brain communication.
Intracranial aneurysms are a potentially life threatening neurological condition responsible for approximately 500,000 deaths worldwide per year, half of which occur in people less than 50 years of age. They … Continue Reading Gene associated with intracranial aneurysm in French-Canadian population identified.
It is known that Alzheimer’s disease is more common in African-Americans than Caucasians, however, the Alzheimer’s disease genetic risk profile for African-Americans is poorly understood. While more than 20 genes have … Continue Reading Study identifies 2 new genes responsible for Alzheimer’s disease among African-Americans.
Adult brain cancers are almost always universally fatal, due in part to the biochemical composition of the central nervous system and the blood-brain barrier, which selectively and protectively limits the … Continue Reading Animal study shows depriving deadly brain cancer of cholesterol kills tumour cells.