Every year, a staggering 48 million people in the USA alone will suffer from foodborne illnesses, resulting in approximately 128,000 hospitalizations and 3,000 deaths. This public health epidemic is exacerbated … Continue Reading Using synthetic, DNA-barcoded microbes to track food contamination.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease known to kill the neurons controlling the muscles responsible for the movement of limbs and walking, resulting in the complete paralysis … Continue Reading Gut microbiome influences ALS outcomes.
The gut microbiome is the aggregate genome of the microbiota living in the gastrointestinal tract, implicated in numerous host systemic functions, behaviors, and diseases. Past studies have shown probiotics, ingestible … Continue Reading Study finds the microbiota, genetics, and memory are linked.
Extremely common, and highly contagious upon unprotected contact, chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) infecting humans and animals, and even amoeba. Chlamydia is the most frequently reported bacterial STI … Continue Reading A new species of Chlamydia discovered that doesn't need a host.
A newly discovered memory in our bones: Blood stem cells boost immunity by keeping a record of previous infections.
Stem cells contained within the human body can differentiate into many different types of cells, in some cases regenerating or repairing tissue. Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), commonly known as blood … Continue Reading A newly discovered memory in our bones: Blood stem cells boost immunity by keeping a record of previous infections.
The body’s protector from all things dangerous, the immune system is a highly adaptive line of defense in the body consisting of a network of cells, skin and proteins guarding … Continue Reading First three-component artificial immune system made of DNA computers.
The female biological clock is constantly ticking down with the quality of a woman’s eggs directly related to her ability to have a baby and her level of fertility. A … Continue Reading Researchers reverse the reproductive clock in mice.
The enigmatic giant virus is a recently discovered subclass of extremely large viruses infecting eukaryotic organisms. These viruses are characterized by the large size of their virions and contain many … Continue Reading Researchers discover new virus with no recognizable genes.
In a partnership thought to originate in ancient times the presence of mitochondria in human cells originates from a symbiotic relationship between primitive eukaryotic cells and prokaryotes. Mitochondria are responsible … Continue Reading A new component of human blood identified.
In the vast microscopic world contained within the human body, a universal component of all cell membranes is known as a lipid bilayer, a biological membrane consisting of two layers … Continue Reading Synthetic DNA nanopore selects and transports macromolecules across cell membranes.
In the past chimeras, an unnatural amalgamation of two different species was the stuff of futuristic sci-fiction comics, today this promising genetic engineering technique is less scary as it becomes … Continue Reading First pig-monkey chimera engineered and born.
Much work is being done on human limb regeneration concentrating on the specific microRNA circuit used by zebrafish, bichirs, and axolotls to regulate the regrowth of amputated extremities. Unfortunately, humans … Continue Reading Humans have the salamander-like ability to regenerate cartilage in joints.
Cancer is a genetic disease, caused by specific changes to the genes controlling the way cells function, particularly how they grow and divide. Genes are functional units of heredity made … Continue Reading Ancient DNA could identify and kill cancer.
Used to evaluate whether a person is at a healthy weight or not, regardless or appearances, Body Mass Index (BMI) is a value derived from the weight and height of … Continue Reading New regulation for infant growth identified.
Stuttering is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by pauses and repeated sounds or words, which disrupt the normal flow of speech, causing great embarrassment for some sufferers. For 1 in 4 … Continue Reading Brain cell involved in stuttering identified.
Bacteria are becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics, with much work needed to stem the rise of multi-drug resistance. Often, resistance is mediated by genes, which can simply jump from one … Continue Reading New microbiota-based mode of antibiotic-resistant spread identified.