Cancer is a genetic disease, caused by specific changes to the genes controlling the way cells function, particularly how they grow and divide. Genes are functional units of heredity made … Continue Reading Ancient DNA could identify and kill cancer.
Used to evaluate whether a person is at a healthy weight or not, regardless of appearances, Body Mass Index (BMI) is a value derived from the weight and height of … Continue Reading New regulation for infant growth identified.
Stuttering is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by pauses and repeated sounds or words, which disrupt the normal flow of speech, causing great embarrassment for some sufferers. For 1 in 4 … Continue Reading Brain cell involved in stuttering identified.
Bacteria are becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics, with much work needed to stem the rise of the superbug. Often, resistance is mediated by genes, which can simply jump from one … Continue Reading New microbiota-based mode of antibiotic-resistant spread identified.
The exciting field of biocomputing involves the processing and storing of information in living cells. This discipline is currently being developed with a view to next-generation therapeutics and for capturing … Continue Reading New DNA computer stores long-term cellular memory.
In genetic engineering and fertility, sperm sorting is a technique allowing the selection of the type of sperm cell to fertilize the egg cell with. Furthermore, this technique can be … Continue Reading Cheap, simple technique allows sex selection of sperm before fertilization.
In early evolution gene duplication is an important event that resulted in new genes and genetically novel organisms. A classic example is the small soluble protein ferredoxin, an iron-sulfur protein … Continue Reading Researchers insert a synthetic primordial protein into a living organism.
Researchers have long been using the field of optogenetics, a biological technique involving the use of light to control cells in living tissue, typically neurons, which have been engineered to … Continue Reading Researchers wirelessly hack master gene using nanophotonics.
One of the greatest failures in drug treatments is adherence with many patients currently being treated with several different medications at fixed intervals, which can increase the risk of doses … Continue Reading Synthetic DNA controls release of active ingredients from drugs.
Ever evolving, getting more and more minute, the imaging of cells and tissues has been a cornerstone of biology ever since cells were discovered under the light microscope centuries ago. … Continue Reading Imaging gets reinvented with new DNA microscopy technique.
Synthetic biology is quickly moving towards a future where genomes can be engineered-to-order, with researchers using this discipline to better define the minimal set of genes required for a living … Continue Reading Living artificial life constructed using human DNA.
Insomnia is a sleep disorder where people have difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep for a healthy amount of time, with over 770 million people suffering from sleeplessness worldwide. Currently, … Continue Reading 1.3 million patient genetics study identifies brain cells involved in insomnia.
Computing using DNA relies on information being encoded very concisely onto the base pair sequence joining strands, making DNA a focus of attention for very high-density molecular memories, however, the … Continue Reading Reprogrammable self-assembling DNA computer developed.
DNA computing is a form of synthetic biology using DNA and biotechnical hardware on the nano-scale to store data and compute information. As the makeup of all organisms on earth … Continue Reading Synthetic cells use DNA computers to communicate and compute data.
The microbiota is a diverse bacterial microorganism living in and on all mammals whose metabolic product provides balance, immunity and, in some cases, disease to the host’s body. Therefore, it … Continue Reading Microbiome activity revealed in unprecedented detail by tRNA sequencing.
Organ donation is where a live or deceased person consents to having one or more of their organs removed and transplanted to another person. Unfortunately, there’s currently an organ shortage … Continue Reading Synthetic biology used to develop cornea capable of self-assembly.