There has been a conspicuous increase in life-threatening food allergies in societies adopting or hosting Western-based culture. One hypothesis to explain this rising morbidity in a highly specific demographic is … Continue Reading Gut microbes from healthy infants block milk allergy development in mice.
The neurons of the human brain are widely assumed to be encoded within a constant genome, with set genetic variant products and functions for neuronal networks. Somatic gene recombination, known … Continue Reading DNA recombination identified in brain cells, linked to Alzheimer’s.
The origins of life on earth have been a fascination for researchers and the public alike for many years. To date, researchers have traced the arc of life back several … Continue Reading Synthetic microorganisms allow researchers to study billion-year-old evolutionary mysteries.
In evolutionary biology, protocells are thought to be a stepping-stone to the origin of life, hypothesized as the first cells to transfer genetic information via RNA before the onset of … Continue Reading Researchers develop synthetic prototissue capable of synchronized beating.
Researchers in the field of evolutionary development have long sought to understand how genetic mutations millions of years ago changed embryonic development to yield the diverse animal forms seen today. … Continue Reading Researchers de-extinct flies with ancient genes to study evolution.
When reproducing some reptiles, amphibians, and fish can procreate with same-sex parents, however, it’s challenging for mammals to do the same even with the help of fertilization technology. Now, a … Continue Reading Researchers produce mouse pups with same-sex parents.
The human skeleton is an amalgam of diverse tissue types including bone, cartilage, and fat cells. Each tissue type in the skeleton is generated and maintained by the precise regulation … Continue Reading Researchers identify elusive human skeletal stem cells.
Olfactory neurons are cells in the nasal cavity with the ability to regenerate, responsible for perceiving odors and passing the information along to the brain. They project axons to the … Continue Reading Genetically-engineered olfactory cells successfully bypass the BBB to kill brain cancer tumors.
The ear is the sensory organ dedicated to hearing and balance in mammals and is usually described as having three parts, namely, the outer ear, middle ear, and the inner … Continue Reading Researchers identify three previously unknown neuronal types in the inner ear.
More than one thousand species of bacteria have been identified in the human gut, dubbed the microbiome, with these symbiotic bacteria intricately involved in establishing and maintaining the health of … Continue Reading New study is a step closer to the synthetic microbiome, inbuilt disease sensing and treatment.
Olfactory receptors (ORs) are expressed in the olfactory epithelium of the nose to detect common odorants in the environment, they have also been mapped outside of the olfactory system in … Continue Reading Researchers begin big push in ‘crucial’ research of extranasal olfactory receptors.
Understanding the inception of embryonic development is important as it may help explain why some human pregnancies fail at an early stage, however, key events after the implantation of the … Continue Reading Researchers generate crucial life event in artificial mouse embryo.
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic-based disorder primarily affecting the lungs. The gene affected by cystic fibrosis is CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator), controlling the movement of electrolytes in and … Continue Reading New lung cell type discovered.
Synthetic biology involves the fabrication of previously non-existent biological components and systems, consisting of quickly manufactured DNA sequences assembled into new genomes. The main goal of synthetic biology is the … Continue Reading Synthetic tissues build and regenerate themselves.
Organ transplants save thousands of lives every year, however, there is an acute shortage of human donors. This shortage has led to attempts to develop animal organs capable of being … Continue Reading Genetic ‘dial’ to control body size in pigs identified.
Strenuous exercise in moderation translates into better endurance, however, it is unclear in precise medical terms which specific proteins trigger the health benefits gained through this exertion. Now, a study … Continue Reading Researchers identify precision medicine-based power switch for muscles.