This is the sixth year running in the popular Top 10 Healthinnovations series, a list of the most viewed articles for the year on the Healthinnovations site. This is where … Continue Reading The Top 10 Healthinnovations of 2019.
Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide, affecting more than 300 million people globally, characterized by persistent sadness and a loss of interest in activities, accompanied by an inability … Continue Reading Gender-distinct circuit for depression identified in mice.
To ensure all living animals and humans avoid as much danger as possible, they have an inbuilt ‘fight-or-flight’ response. The fight-or-flight response, also known as the acute stress response (ASR), … Continue Reading Bone not adrenaline drives fight or flight response.
It is known that around the body, fat deposits contain many mature fat cells and small numbers of stem cells. These stem cells can differentiate into more fat cells, however, … Continue Reading Hormone that controls maturation of fat stem cells identified.
One of the processes associated with aging is progressive shortening of telomeres, DNA-protecting structures at the ends of chromosomes, like the plastic tips on shoelaces. Each time a cell divides, … Continue Reading Male hormone reverses cell aging, increases telomere length, in clinical trial.
Excessive alcohol-use is the third leading risk factor for disease following tobacco and blood pressure. The most important include peripheral neuropathy, brain damage, alcoholic liver disease, and nutritional and metabolic … Continue Reading Hormone and neurotransmitter systems disturbed in alcoholics’ brains.
When skin cells responsible for pigmentation are exposed to estrogen or progesterone, the cells respond by adjusting their melanin production, resulting in either skin darkening or lightening. Although pregnant women … Continue Reading Study identifies previously unknown pathways that control skin tanning and lightening.
In humans, the surgical removal of an ovary or ovaries is most often performed due to diseases such as ovarian cysts or cancer, or in conjunction with hysterectomy. In the … Continue Reading 3D-printed ovary bioprosthesis restores fertility in mice.
It is known that cardiac natriuretic peptides (NPs) are hormones produced by the heart to influence blood pressure. When the heart senses elevated pressure, it releases NPs, which go to the … Continue Reading Human study identifies link between heart hormones, obesity, and diabetes.
It is known that the age-related growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11) is member of the transforming growth factor β superfamily of proteins. Circulating GDF11 concentrations appear to decline with age, … Continue Reading Study identifies previously unknown molecular pathway in aging.
Thyroid disease affects about 12 percent of the U.S. population. While many people with thyroid disease don’t even know they have it, an overactive or underactive thyroid can cause a … Continue Reading Researchers identify mechanism which ‘turns thyroid on’.
It is known that a 24-hour circadian rhythm controls nearly all brain and body processes, such as the sleep/wake cycle, metabolism, alertness and cognition. These daily activity patterns are regulated … Continue Reading Researchers map the circadian neurogenetics involved in brain aging.
The recent surge in obesity prevalence has been greatly influenced by food intake and diet composition. Energy from food comes in three macronutrient forms- fat, protein, and carbohydrate. Over the … Continue Reading First liver-generated hormone to work with brain to control sugar-intake identified.
In general, infertility is defined as not being able to get pregnant after one year of unprotected sex. Causes of infertility or reproductive problems include disease and aging, with male … Continue Reading Researchers identify specific neurons which activate fertility master switch.
White adipose tissue, or fat tissue, serves as a storage depot for energy-rich triglycerides. In times of need this lipid storage can be released as part of an adaptive response … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown neural mechanism responsible for fat breakdown.
Scientists have prior evidence that the hormone estrogen is a major driver in the growth of cervical cancer, however, a new study from the University of Wisconsin-Madison examining genetic profiles of … Continue Reading New study rewrites the role of estrogen in cervical cancer.