Taste buds in the mouth are crucial for our survival, helping us to decide whether a certain food can be eaten or should be avoided. These mini warning systems contain … Continue Reading A new type of taste bud has been discovered.
The growing worldwide epidemic of respiratory diseases can be attributed to simple everyday factors such as tobacco smoke, air pollution, occupational chemicals, or dust. These diseases involve the infection or … Continue Reading How airway cells work together in regeneration and aging.
Cholera is a contagion that causes chronic diarrhea brought on through the intake of food or water contaminated with the Vibrio cholerae bacterium. Cholera affects roughly 4 million people per … Continue Reading Gut microbiota regulates resistance to cholera.
Symbiotic bacteria can be found living in and on the majority of our body’s surfaces, with 99 percent of these micro-interlopers inhabiting the human gastrointestinal tract. These intestinal microbes are … Continue Reading Augmented bacteriophage modulates gut microbiota to fight cancer.
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a commonly occurring bacterial infection affecting approximately thirty percent of women of reproductive age in the United States. BV is linked to the spread of HIV … Continue Reading Microbiome therapy protects against recurrent bacterial vaginosis.
Plasma cells are a type of immune cell originating in the bone marrow as B cells, another type of white blood cell. Once the B cells leave the bone marrow … Continue Reading Brain pathway capable of controlling adaptive immunity discovered.
Our immune system, consisting of proteins, microbes, and specialized immune cells known as white blood cell cells, is crucial for survival. Macrophages are a white blood cell engulfing and destroying … Continue Reading Newly discovered lung-only immune cells may have implications for coronavirus.
For people dealing with the life-changing and often devastating aftermath of disfiguring injuries or the loss of limbs, minimal reconstruction using the patients’ own tissues may not be a sufficient … Continue Reading Synthetic cell biomimics cancer to avoid transplant rejection.
A newly discovered memory in our bones: Blood stem cells boost immunity by keeping a record of previous infections.
Stem cells contained within the human body can differentiate into many different types of cells, in some cases regenerating or repairing tissue. Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), commonly known as blood … Continue Reading A newly discovered memory in our bones: Blood stem cells boost immunity by keeping a record of previous infections.
Like billions of supporting military units in addition to immune cells in the body, eukaryotic cells contained in all mammals also add to the body’s immune system via their own … Continue Reading Newly discovered cell defense soaks up toxins like a sponge.
The body’s protector from all things dangerous, the immune system is a highly adaptive line of defense in the body consisting of a network of cells, skin and proteins guarding … Continue Reading First three-component artificial immune system made of DNA computers.
Policing what goes in and out of the body, the immune system is a line of defense guarding against infection whilst distinguishing foreign bodies from the person’s healthy tissue. One … Continue Reading Previously unknown human immune cell discovered.
Containing a mini-ecology of its own, the human gut contains trillions of bacteria, known as the microbiota, a symbiotic entity crucial for digesting food and regulating the immune system. Gut … Continue Reading Gut microbiota that impairs normal skeletal growth identified.
A devastating disease, childhood leukemia, the most prevalent type of cancer in children and teens, is a cancer of the body’s immune cells, also known as white blood cells. Abnormal … Continue Reading Human immune cells in-a-dish produced in world’s first.
The brain is comprised of billions of brain cells, a vast network of synapses and neurons transmitting electronic impulses like many stars in an infinite universe. A crucial support system … Continue Reading New role identified for astrocytes in brain processing.
A worldwide rise in immune and inflammatory diseases such as multiple sclerosis and inflammatory bowel diseases has been linked to Western society-based changes in lifestyle and environment. These include decreased … Continue Reading Sunlight affects the gut microbiota and vitamin D levels.