Tooth loss is a major public health issue affecting more than 158 million people worldwide. The current standard of care is to replace missing teeth with synthetic dental implants, and/or … Continue Reading Researchers successfully implant and innervate bioengineered teeth derived from postnatal cells.
The unique properties of naturally occurring immune cells in the human body have inspired many efforts to synthetically engineer a unit capable of mimicking their behaviors. Now, a study from … Continue Reading Researchers develop synthetic T cells, that function like the human version.
Sepsis is the overreaction of the body’s immune system to infection capable of causing tissue damage, organ failure, and death. Sepsis-causing bacteria secrete toxic molecules known as endotoxins which trigger immune … Continue Reading Engineered macrophage nanosponges could keep sepsis in check.
There are two classifications of cells in the human body, namely, germ cells that are used to make sperm and eggs, and somatic cells making up every other cell in … Continue Reading New lung cell type identified.
Stress is the feeling of being under acute mental or emotional pressure, where a person may feel unable to cope, leading to a wide variety of health problems. When stress … Continue Reading Neuroimaging connects stress-associated brain activity to cardiovascular disease in humans.
Through millions of years of trained evolution, all living organisms adapt their behavior in response to infection, however, the mechanisms behind this are less understood. Now, a study led by … Continue Reading Neurons regulate reproduction in fruit flies during infection.
Welcome to The Top Ten Healthinnovations of 2016, the third-year in our successful series, where the most exciting discoveries and breakthroughs are decided by you, the global medical community. This … Continue Reading The Top Ten Healthinnovations of 2016.
Hypertension is a leading risk factor for dementia, however, the mechanisms underlying its damaging effects on the brain are poorly understood. Now, a study from researchers at Weill Cornell Medicine … Continue Reading Immune cells identified as the culprit linking hypertension and dementia.
Angiogenesis, the growth of new blood vessels from pre-existing ones, is required for wound healing, menstruation, embryogenesis and various pathological conditions including tumour growth. Macrophages, key cells of the innate … Continue Reading Immune cells shown to facilitate tumour growth by forming primitive vascular channels.
Previously unknown immune cell identified, which protects against lung infections during chemotherapy.
It is known that chemotherapy drugs kill dividing cells, including cells in the bone marrow that give rise to different immune cells. However, this can lead to a dramatic reduction … Continue Reading Previously unknown immune cell identified, which protects against lung infections during chemotherapy.
HIV is a viral infection that is treatable using Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). ART stops HIV from replicating itself and by doing so reduces the amount of virus in the blood … Continue Reading New technique detects cells hiding dormant HIV reservoirs, wakes virus up.
Zika virus is a mosquito-transmitted flavivirus that is closely related to Dengue, West Nile, and yellow fever viruses. Zika virus causes mild disease in most adults and can cause brain … Continue Reading Evidence of Zika virus found in tears, may persist in eyes.
The inflammatory response is an integral part of the innate immune mechanism that is triggered in response to a real or perceived threat to tissue homeostasis, with a primary aim … Continue Reading New class of molecule identified in central role of inflammation and the immune system.
Generally, researchers divide the human immune system into two parts. One part, called the innate immune system, allows for immediate and direct recognition of invading bacteria. It prompts immune cells … Continue Reading Study identifies previously unknown mechanism of the immune system.
Patients suffering from so-called immune-mediated neuropathies frequently have a long medical record. As there are no diagnostic tests available to reliably diagnose the disease, the diagnosis is frequently made belatedly … Continue Reading Study identifies previously unknown cause of immune neuropathy.
The WHO recommends complete withdrawal of the oral polio vaccine (OPV) by April 2016 globally and replacing with at least one dose of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV). However, high-cost, limited … Continue Reading Researchers develop plant-based Polio booster vaccine.