Irreversible degeneration of the cardiac conduction system is a common disease with high rates of mortality. While electronic pacemakers provide effective treatment, alternative approaches are needed with long-term implanted hardware proving undesirable. Also, current pacemakers are limited by their artificial nature. For example, their parts can fail or they can become infected. In addition, the devices require regular maintenance, must be replaced periodically, and can … Continue reading Extensive lit review performed on harnessing stem cells to generate biological pacemakers.