An all too familiar and frustrating sight for doctors and nurses the world over, patients who suffer a cardiac arrest under their care due to trauma involving car accidents, gunshot … Continue Reading First human placed in suspended animation.
Obesity and its associated illness type 2 diabetes (T2D) have reached epidemic proportions worldwide. Increased food intake and lack of exercise are two main contributing factors, with past research firmly … Continue Reading Specific microbiota identified which prevents obesity.
According to Marketdata LLC, the U.S. weight-loss market was estimated to be worth an incredible $68.2 billion in 2017 alone. However, despite the amount of money spent on weight-loss, nearly … Continue Reading Weight-loss success linked to regions of the brain regulating self-control.
Controlling a single brain chemical expands the window for learning language and music in an animal model.
Learning a language or recognizing music is usually a breeze for children, however, this capacity dramatically declines with age. Now, a study from researchers at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital … Continue Reading Controlling a single brain chemical expands the window for learning language and music in an animal model.
The development of neural connectivity is essential for brain function, and disruption of this process is associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Now, a study from researchers led by McMaster … Continue Reading Study identifies autism gene which regulates dendrite development to slow down brain communication.
One infant in every 1000 is diagnosed with sensorineural hearing loss, making it an extremely common hereditary disease. It is also estimated that 25-40% of over-65s suffer from acquired sensorineural … Continue Reading Large-scale study identifies the causative gene for sensorineural hearing.
Dendritic spines are specialized protrusions responsible for receiving excitatory synaptic inputs, providing an important function in communication between neurons. The majority of excitatory synapses in the brain exist on dendritic … Continue Reading Novel molecule promotes the neuronal structures associated with memory to grow.
One in 15 adults has moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a disorder in which a person’s breathing is frequently interrupted during sleep, as many as 30 times per … Continue Reading Neuroimaging confirms that sleep apnea takes a toll on brain function.
Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is becoming increasingly prevalent. Urban crowding means that large cities are getting noisier, particularly in developing countries. WHO predicts that by 2030, one billion people will … Continue Reading Study identifies the genetic cause and mechanism for noise-induced hearing loss.
Alzheimer’s is a devastating disease whose incidence is on the rise globally. ApoE-4, a particular allele of the apolipoprotein apoE, is a known risk factor. Since apoE plays a critical … Continue Reading Women with Alzheimer’s-risk gene lose weight more sharply after age 70.
White adipose tissue, or fat tissue, serves as a storage depot for energy-rich triglycerides. In times of need this lipid storage can be released as part of an adaptive response … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown neural mechanism responsible for fat breakdown.
It is well-known that insulin resistance is common in people who are obese, pre-diabetic or have Type 2 diabetes. The fact that obesity increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and … Continue Reading Researchers image the effect of insulin resistance in the brain, link to Alzheimer’s disease.
Through studying brain scans and cerebrospinal fluid of healthy adults researchers at Washington University have shown that changes in key biomarkers of Alzheimer’s disease during midlife can help identify those who … Continue Reading First ever large-scale human study validates multiple biomarkers for Alzheimer’s disease.
Researchers at the University of Colorado suggest that the portion of the brain devoted to hearing can become reorganized, reassigned to other functions, even with early-stage hearing loss, and may … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map brain functioning in age-related hearing loss.
A new study from scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) shows that nerve cells and blood vessels in the eye constantly talk to each other to maintain healthy blood … Continue Reading Study finds nerve cells and blood vessels in eye ‘talk’ to prevent disease.
After six years of painstaking research, a UCLA-led team has validated the first standardized protocol for measuring one of the earliest signs of Alzheimer’s disease, the atrophy of the part … Continue Reading Harmonized neuroimaging protocol for measuring early sign of Alzheimer’s has been developed.