The spinal cord is extremely vulnerable to injury, however, unlike other parts of the body this extension of the brain does not have the ability to repair itself when damaged. … Continue Reading First human study targets cortical neurons in the brain to improve motor function.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been used to evaluate obstetrical, placental, and fetal abnormalities in pregnant patients for more than 30 years. MRI is recognized as a beneficial diagnostic tool … Continue Reading Study shows that MRIs in first trimester of pregnancy not associated with increased risk to fetus.
One in 15 adults has moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a disorder in which a person’s breathing is frequently interrupted during sleep, as many as 30 times per … Continue Reading Neuroimaging confirms that sleep apnea takes a toll on brain function.
Homeostasis is the property of a system in which variables are regulated so that internal conditions remain stable and relatively constant. The human body manages a multitude of highly complex … Continue Reading Neuroimaging identifies previously unknown circuitry in brain homeostasis.
Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive illness that is the leading cause of dementia and the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. There is no cure for the … Continue Reading Neuroimaging links two Alzheimer’s risk genes to brain atrophy, promising blood markers.
Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is defined as a failure to control one’s impulses to excessively use online gaming. IGD results in serious negative outcomes, such as decreased physical and mental … Continue Reading Neuroimaging identifies brain differences in compulsive video game players.
Currently, more than 6 million children in the United States, or 11% of all children aged 4 to 17, have received attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnoses. The disorder is characterized … Continue Reading Neuroimaging shows interactions in attention-based brain networks weaker in children with ADHD.
Obesity is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer. Although obesity can stem from behavioural factors such as diet and physical inactivity, central nervous system changes can … Continue Reading Neuroimaging maps areas of the brain in obese children activated by food odours.
Cellular therapy for traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been suggested to replace cellular loss, restore growth factors homeostasis, repair damaged circuits and improve functional recovery. Stem cell therapy for TBI … Continue Reading Nano-magnetic cell targeting used to treat TBI in animal model.
Differences in the size and structure of certain brain areas have been found in some adults diagnosed with schizophrenia. Early findings came from the discovery of enlarged ventricles in people … Continue Reading Neuroimaging matches specific schizophrenia behaviour to the brain’s anatomy.
Air pollution is a serious public health issue and exposures to concentrations of air pollutants at or above the current standards has been linked to neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration. In the … Continue Reading Study shows that air pollution has detrimental impact on Alzheimer’s risk gene.
Many diseases involve structural changes in tissues, which are reflected in a change in their mechanical properties, such as elasticity. Using the sensitivity of their hands, and their detailed knowledge … Continue Reading Researchers have developed non-invasive palpation for the brain.
Humans are unique among social creatures in their willingness to bear personal costs to punish those who have harmed others. Despite the centrality of such third-party punishment decisions to modern … Continue Reading Neuroimaging identifies uniquely human brain region responsible for judgment.
In their everyday life, people are constantly confronted with decision conflicts, especially if they need to suppress an action that would have made sense under normal circumstances. For example, when … Continue Reading Neuroimaging shows that the human hippocampus is involved in quick and successful decisions.
Parkinson’s disease (PD) belongs to a group of conditions called motor system disorders, which are the result of the loss of dopamine-producing brain cells. The four primary symptoms of PD … Continue Reading Study shows magnetic stimulation effectively treats frozen gait in Parkinson’s.
A blood clot is a dangerous health situation with the potential to trigger heart attacks, strokes and other medical emergencies. To treat a blood clot, doctors need to find its … Continue Reading New contrast allows whole-body blood clot scans in animal model.