Dyslexia is one of the most widespread learning disabilities, with many different therapeutic and learning strategies used to tackle the reading and writing difficulties associated with the disorder, however to-date … Continue Reading Researchers map the neural mechanisms of dyslexia in the brain.
Memorizing and predicting aversive or unpleasant events is a critical function of neural circuits responsible for survival and emotional well-being. There is much interest in how the brain creates the … Continue Reading Brain pathways of aversion identified.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety-based disorder that can develop after a person is involved in or has witnessed traumatic events. The main treatment for people with PTSD are … Continue Reading New brain region that suppresses fear identified.
According to Marketdata LLC, the U.S. weight-loss market was estimated to be worth an incredible $68.2 billion in 2017 alone. However, despite the amount of money spent on weight-loss, nearly … Continue Reading Weight-loss success linked to regions of the brain regulating self-control.
Interestingly, the current definition of free will is described as a combination of two cognitive processes, namely the desire to act, also known as volition, and a sense of responsibility … Continue Reading Origins of free will mapped in the human brain.
A person perceives the world around them through multiple senses, with concurrent impulses of signals in different sensory modalities, such as a flash and a beep, readily deciphered and merged … Continue Reading Study develops 4D glasses allowing wearers to be touched by a movie.
Think about a person performing a simple action, when they reach for a pan of brownies, a ball-shaped brain structure called the striatum is critical for controlling their movement toward … Continue Reading New map of the brain’s action centre upends textbook theory.
As they go about their everyday lives, people often have to choose between a safe option and a riskier one, such as staying in a secure job, or starting a … Continue Reading Study identifies neural circuits involved in making risky decisions.
Brain map researchers release first of it’s kind data on the aging human brain and traumatic brain injury.
Dementia is a common illness with an incidence that is rising as the aged population increases. A multitude of neurodegenerative illnesses have an associated dementia, including corticobasal degeneration, Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease, … Continue Reading Brain map researchers release first of it’s kind data on the aging human brain and traumatic brain injury.
Whenever a person learns something new or is affected by their experiences it’s because synapses, the connections between neurons in the brain, have changed. Sometimes new synapses are made, and … Continue Reading Study shows how astrocytes help control synapse strength and plasticity.
In patients with Parkinson’s disease, gait disorders and difficulty with balance are often caused by the degeneration of a specific type of neuron, called cholinergic neurons, in a region of … Continue Reading New technique begins to map and untangle neuronal networks in Parkinson’s disease.
Neuropathic pain is deﬁned as pain initiated or caused by a primary lesion or dysfunction in the nervous system. Chronic neuropathic leg pain is the most common form of neuropathic … Continue Reading Neuroimaging shows that spinal cord stimulation reduces emotional aspect of chronic pain.
Every day, humans constantly absorb information through their sensory organs, which the brain then needs to process correctly. The information first reaches the thalamus and then travels to the cerebral … Continue Reading Researchers identify function of higher-order thalamus for the first time.
Scientists have long speculated that schizophrenia, which affects about 1 in every 100 adults worldwide, originates in part in the hippocampus, the brain’s headquarters for memory and spatial navigation. As … Continue Reading Schizophrenia linked to loss of cells in brain’s memory centre for the first time.
The auditory nerve is comprised of thousands of tiny nerve fibers responsible for transmitting sound to and from the ear and the brain. Recent discoveries have shown that they are … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown compensatory brain amplifier for hear loss.
Learning and memory are among the brain’s most fundamental tools for survival. Accurate encoding of ‘contextual’ memories, which are associated with particular experiences, enables the person to exhibit the appropriate … Continue Reading Elusive ‘switch’ which helps brain distinguish safety from danger identified.