An all too familiar and frustrating sight for doctors and nurses the world over, patients who suffer a cardiac arrest under their care due to trauma involving car accidents, gunshot … Continue Reading First human placed in suspended animation.
Nearly 12 million adults in the United States have been diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, with roughly 180,000 patients dying annually with end-stage refractory lung diseases. The only option … Continue Reading Donor stem cells used to grow fully functioning lungs in live mice.
There are a staggering estimated 785,000 new heart attack cases in the United States each year, with no gold standard treatment for repairing the resulting damage to cardiac tissue. There … Continue Reading A First-in-human trial shows hydrogel to repair heart is safe to inject.
Stuttering is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by pauses and repeated sounds or words, which disrupt the normal flow of speech, causing great embarrassment for some sufferers. For 1 in 4 … Continue Reading Brain cell involved in stuttering identified.
Bacteria are becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics, with much work needed to stem the rise of the superbug. Often, resistance is mediated by genes, which can simply jump from one … Continue Reading New microbiota-based mode of antibiotic-resistant spread identified.
Many ethical, as well as supply issues, surround the use of human brain tissue in research. Hence, stem cells are used to develop mini-brains or ‘organoids’, a pea-sized model of … Continue Reading Brain waves detected in lab-grown mini-brains.
Antibiotic consumption is on the rise, causing increased resistance in bacteria. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria develop the ability to resist the effects of medication used to successfully treat it … Continue Reading New artificial cells can engulf live bacteria via endocytosis.
Recent progress in synthetic biology offers the potential to optimize the production of virtually any compound, as well as the development of previously unknown ones. Engineered synthetic biological systems are … Continue Reading Intelligent cells improve production of pharmaceutical raw materials.
Critically, the growth of children’s bones depends on growth plates situated close to the end of all long bones in the body. These plates are narrow discs of cartilage providing … Continue Reading New mechanism of bone growth uncovered.
In a crucial partnership dictating the lifelong habits and health of offspring, pregnancy is accompanied by alterations in the microbiome, bacteria living inside and on the body to aid in … Continue Reading Microbiota senses pregnancy, helps baby develop.
DNA computing is a form of synthetic biology using DNA and biotechnical hardware on the nano-scale to store data and compute information. As the makeup of all organisms on earth … Continue Reading Synthetic cells use DNA computers to communicate and compute data.
Microbiota is the name given to the trillions of microorganisms living in and on our bodies, which are crucial to the regulation and balance of human and animal health. A … Continue Reading Gut microbiota helps to maintain core body temperature under cold exposure.
Knee replacement surgery, where a damaged, worn or diseased knee is replaced with an artificial joint, is the most common joint replacement procedure, with the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons … Continue Reading Prototype smart, bionic knee implant can power itself.
The microbiota is a diverse bacterial microorganism living in and on all mammals whose metabolic product provides balance, immunity and, in some cases, disease to the host’s body. Therefore, it … Continue Reading Microbiome activity revealed in unprecedented detail by tRNA sequencing.
Erectile dysfunction (ED), also known as impotence, is the inability to acquire and maintain an erect penis. ED is a very common condition, particularly in older men where it is … Continue Reading First genetic risk factor for erectile dysfunction identified.
The gut is colonized by diverse microorganisms forming a microbial community known as the gut microbiota. Research suggests the gut microbiota immunomodulatory effect influences pathologic conditions centered in the gut, … Continue Reading Antibiotic disruption of the gut microbiome dysregulates skeletal health.