Brown or good fat has long been investigated as a treatment for obesity and Type 2 diabetes due to the fact it burns energy faster than white fat, a type … Continue Reading Somatosensory neuron receptors used to form brown fat, have implications for diabetes and obesity.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition that manifests in early childhood and is characterized by impairments in social communication and presence of stereotyped behaviours and restricted interests, with … Continue Reading Mothers with diabetes more likely to have autism-linked anti-fetal brain autoantibodies.
Worldwide obesity has more than doubled since 1980. In 2014, there were over 600 million people classified as obese, making up 13% of the global population. Researchers have long known … Continue Reading Researchers stimulate brown-fat in animals to improve weight-management and glucose control.
The molecular intricacies of hunger and satiety, pivotal for understanding metabolic disorders and the problem of obesity, are not yet fully understood by scientists. How much a person eats and … Continue Reading Protein responsible for regulating feeding behaviour in the brain identified.
Brown adipose tissue, brown fat, is a key tissue that controls the energy balance of whole body. Excessive energy is dissipated in the form of heat by brown adipocytes specialized … Continue Reading Study identifies pathway in brown fat responsible for better metabolism.
It is known that cardiac natriuretic peptides (NPs) are hormones produced by the heart to influence blood pressure. When the heart senses elevated pressure, it releases NPs, which go to the … Continue Reading Human study identifies link between heart hormones, obesity, and diabetes.
A large body of data gathered over the last decades has identified the neuronal pathways which link the central nervous system with the autonomic innervation of the endocrine pancreas. These … Continue Reading Study shows brain cell mitochondria controls blood-sugar levels after a meal.
Current estimates place obesity incidence at more than 600 million individuals worldwide. As a prime risk factor for heart disease, stroke, cancer, type 2 diabetes, and neurodegeneration, obesity poses a … Continue Reading Researchers identify an epigenetic switch for obesity.
The heart is the organ responsible for pumping blood and supplying nutrients and oxygen to all organs and cells of the body. The cells charged with these functions are the … Continue Reading Researchers identify link between a mitochondrial defect and heart disease.
Obesity is associated with the risk of developing type-2 diabetes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, cardiovascular disease and cancer. However, it has been increasingly recognized that obesity is not a homogeneous … Continue Reading New test can warn patients years before onset of diabetes.
The intriguing relationship between metabolism and the immune system has been receiving increasing attention over the past few years. It is known that macrophages accumulate in adipose tissue during obesity. … Continue Reading Researchers identify immune cells that fight obesity in animal model.
All mammals, including humans, have two types of fat with completely opposite functions. These are white fat, which stores energy and is linked with diabetes and obesity; and brown fat, … Continue Reading Researchers identify epigenetic switch which generates calorie-burning brown fat.
A primary function of cytokines is to initiate immune responses; however, it has become increasingly apparent that they play major roles in the regulation of energy homeostasis, implicating them in … Continue Reading Sensor protein shown to have dual role in immune-system and metabolism.
Diabetes is a lifelong condition caused by a deficiency in the ability to make insulin, a hormone that regulates glucose levels. According to the Center for Disease Control, diabetes affects … Continue Reading Oral formulation of insulin successful in animal model.
Statins are a popular and easy-to-swallow option for people looking to lower their cholesterol. However, for a quarter of patients, statins come with muscle pain, stiffness, cramps, or weakness without … Continue Reading Researchers link statins to disruption of muscle mitochondria.
Ten million Canadians are living with diabetes or pre-diabetes. The Canadian Diabetes Association reports that more than 20 Canadians are newly diagnosed with the disease every hour of every day. … Continue Reading New mitochondria-based insulin amplifier pathway identified in T2 diabetes.