The female biological clock is constantly ticking down with the quality of a woman’s eggs directly related to her ability to have a baby and her level of fertility. A … Continue Reading Researchers reverse the reproductive clock in mice.
Used to evaluate whether a person is at a healthy weight or not, regardless or appearances, Body Mass Index (BMI) is a value derived from the weight and height of … Continue Reading New regulation for infant growth identified.
Obesity and its associated illness type 2 diabetes (T2D) have reached epidemic proportions worldwide. Increased food intake and lack of exercise are two main contributing factors, with past research firmly … Continue Reading Specific microbiota identified which prevents obesity.
In early evolution gene duplication is an important event that resulted in new genes and genetically novel organisms. A classic example is the small soluble protein ferredoxin, an iron-sulfur protein … Continue Reading Researchers insert a synthetic primordial protein into a living organism.
Cellular metabolism is the sum of all chemical changes occurring in living organisms in order to maintain life, including the synthesis of new molecules, and the breakdown and removal of … Continue Reading Researchers induce artificial metabolism in synthetic DNA.
The brain is the key regulator of appetite, body weight, and metabolism, controlling the passage of every nutrient that enters and exits the body. Specifically, there is a small group … Continue Reading Study finds small colony of neurons modulate amount of insulin the pancreas produces.
Brown or good fat has long been investigated as a treatment for obesity and Type 2 diabetes due to the fact it burns energy faster than white fat, a type … Continue Reading Somatosensory neuron receptors used to form brown fat, have implications for diabetes and obesity.
Vital to our bodies, preproglucagon otherwise known as GCG peptides act in both the periphery and the CNS to change food intake, glucose homeostasis, and metabolic rate. Although the actions … Continue Reading Neurons successfully regulate appetite and glucose levels in mice.
It is known that around the body, fat deposits contain many mature fat cells and small numbers of stem cells. These stem cells can differentiate into more fat cells, however, … Continue Reading Hormone that controls maturation of fat stem cells identified.
When exposed to cold, clusters of cells within the body’s white fat become beige, a colour change which reflects the creation of more energy-producing mitochondria, cellular components that enable cells … Continue Reading Study shows that fat cells which amplify nerve signals in response to cold also affect blood sugar.
About 8% of Americans have type 2 diabetes, and another 25% of the population is at risk because of obesity. Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease that represents an … Continue Reading Study identifies new pathway in insulin resistance.
The rapid rise in obesity and associated spread of type 2 diabetes represent an enormous challenge for society, with no efficient and safe medicines to prevent or stop this development … Continue Reading Astrocytes shown to control sugar in the brain, as well as neurons.
Obesity is a global health problem that poses a major risk factor for life-threatening diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, and neurodegeneration. Recent studies have identified specific loci associated with … Continue Reading Study maps a molecular link between insulin-sensitivity and obesity.
In oncology, the Warburg effect is the observation that that the driver of tumourigenesis is an insufficient cellular respiration caused by insult to mitochondria. It postulates that most cancer cells, … Continue Reading Study uncovers vital Warburg effect pathway in brain tumour formation and metabolism.
Obesity has become a major health threat, affecting more than half a billion people worldwide in 2014. In particular, obesity increases the risk for insulin resistance, hypertension, coronary heart disease … Continue Reading Epigenetic modification which raises obesity risk and predicts fatty liver identified.
Worldwide obesity has more than doubled since 1980. In 2014, there were over 600 million people classified as obese, making up 13% of the global population. Researchers have long known … Continue Reading Researchers stimulate brown-fat in animals to improve weight-management and glucose control.