The neuronal gene Arc is essential for long-lasting information storage in the brain, mediating various forms of synaptic plasticity and is implicated in neurodevelopmental disorders. However, little is known about … Continue Reading Previously unknown method of neurotransmission identified.
It is known that skeletal muscle regeneration is impaired in age-related diseases such as sarcopenia, which is marked by reduced muscle regenerative capacity with aging, due in part to a … Continue Reading Study identifies gene responsible for regeneration of injured muscle by adult stem cells.
Approximately 16% of adults in the United States report drug use, however, not everyone who experiments with drugs becomes an addict. Environmental and societal factors play a role in addiction … Continue Reading First ever study identifies epigenetic markers that influence addiction in animal model.
With Alzheimer’s disease medical professionals have to conduct costly brain imaging scans, and sometimes, invasive cerebral spinal fluid tests to rule out other diseases. Now, a new study from researchers … Continue Reading Human study identifies biomarker in blood for Alzheimer’s disease.
How HIV-1 overcomes the person’s defenses and infects their cells has been studied intensively for over 30 years. While much has been learned, there remain events in the viral life … Continue Reading Researchers reveal and image new phase of HIV infection for the first time.
Scientists from the Gladstone Institutes and the University of Michigan have identified a cellular mechanism that can be targeted to treat ALS. The researchers discovered that increasing levels of a … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown neuroprotective pathway in ALS.
A novel blood test could greatly improve triage of victims of radiation accidents by rapidly predicting who will survive, who will die, and who should receive immediate medical countermeasures, according … Continue Reading New RNA-based blood test quickly reveals severity of radiation injury.
A molecular switch that seems to be essential for embryonic heart cells to grow into more mature, adult-like heart cells has been discovered by researchers at University of Washington. The … Continue Reading Researchers identify the molecular switch that promotes heart cell maturation.
Study identifies transporter proteins responsible for human’s placenta protective ability during pregnancy.
An important function of the human placenta is to protect the fetus from detrimental substances in maternal blood, such as glucocorticoids or toxins. Placental membrane-bound transporter proteins, known as multidrug … Continue Reading Study identifies transporter proteins responsible for human’s placenta protective ability during pregnancy.
A group of researchers from the Lomonosov Moscow State University and the University College Cork have studied the early response of cells to ischemia, which is a restriction in blood … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unseen mechanisms of the early response of cells to ischemia.
RNA is both the bridge between DNA and the production of proteins known to carry out the functions of life, guiding the amount and type of protein mades. As messenger … Continue Reading The first ever study to map splicing changes during T cell development has been published.
In what is believed to be the largest epigenetic analysis to date of cell-signaling molecules in early-stage melanoma, researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center have identified two tiny bits of … Continue Reading Largest ever analysis maps epigenetic methylation pathway which suppresses the spread of melanoma.
Open any introductory biology textbook and one of the first things learnt is that DNA spells out the instructions for making proteins, tiny machines that do much of the work … Continue Reading Scientists identify protein with the same power as messenger RNA.
Transfer RNAs (tRNAs) are ancient workhorse molecules and part of the cellular process that creates the proteins, critical building blocks of life that keep a cell running smoothly. A new … Continue Reading Researchers find human genomic loci coding for tRNAs is double what is currently known.