The sugar epidemic in America has reached deadly proportions with the average person’s intake of this substance now averaging more than 100 pounds annually. Sugar addiction has been linked to … Continue Reading Researchers discover a new gut-to-brain sugar pathway.
Some expectant parents play classical music for their unborn babies hoping to boost their children’s cognitive capacity, and while some research supports a relationship between prenatal sound exposure and improved … Continue Reading Researchers identify first responders to sound in the brain.
It is known that nerves in the central nervous system of adult mammals do not usually regenerate when injured. However, the granule cell, a nerve cell located in the cerebellum, … Continue Reading Key molecule in the elusive regeneration of cerebellum synaptic connections identified.
Spinal muscular atrophy is a debilitating disease that causes weakness and wasting of the muscles. The disease ranges in severity with patients experiencing different symptoms, from the inability to sit … Continue Reading Molecular mechanism underlying neurodegeneration in spinal muscular atrophy identified.
The peripheral nervous system is a vast network of nerves that exists primarily outside of brain and spinal cord and connects to the far reaches of the body. The very … Continue Reading Study shows how protein promotes regeneration of injured peripheral nerves.
Neuroplasticity, or brain plasticity, is an umbrella term that describes lasting change to the brain throughout life. One of the fundamental principles of how neuroplasticity functions is linked to the … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown subtype of neuron in the visual cortex.
The skin is the largest organ in the human body and is made up of three layers, the epidermis, dermis and the fat layer. The epidermis is the outer layer … Continue Reading Artificially intelligent synthetic skin interacts with brain cells.
In the treatment of pain, a common course is to treat patients with opioid medications, these medications show limited effectiveness for neuropathic pain and come with safety and addiction issues. … Continue Reading Researchers map how antidepressants lessen neuropathic pain.
Chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) is a formidable hurdle that prevents a large number of injured axons from crossing the lesion, particularly the corticospinal tract (CST). Patients inflicted with SCI … Continue Reading Researchers identify precision medicine to regenerate corticospinal tract axons.
Diabetic neuropathy is a condition in which perpetually high blood sugar causes nerve damage, resulting in a myriad of symptoms such as numbness, reduced ability to detect painful stimuli, muscle … Continue Reading Stem cell injections improve diabetic neuropathy in animal models.
Brain inflammation caused by chronic nerve pain alters activity in regions that regulate mood and motivation, suggesting for the first time that a direct biophysical link exists between long-term pain … Continue Reading Researchers link microglia activation triggered by chronic pain to anxiety and depression.
Researchers from the Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) have achieved allograft control through a ‘brain-to-brain interface’. The team have developed a technique which allowed them to control a living cockroach … Continue Reading Researchers successfully control a cockroach via a brain-to-brain interface.
Using proteomics techniques to study injured optic nerves, researchers at Boston Children’s Hospital have identified previously unrecognized proteins and pathways involved in nerve regeneration. The new study showed that adding … Continue Reading Researchers see an unprecedented degree of nerve regeneration using proteomics.
A precision genetic analysis has yielded a surprising result, a network of neurons control breathing within the vagus nerve. Among these function-specific network of neurons, two types are dedicated to … Continue Reading Researchers identify neural networks within the vagus nerve responsible for breathing.
Genetic studies in humans, zebrafish and mice have revealed how two different types of genetic variations team up to cause a rare condition called Hirschsprung’s disease. The findings from Johns … Continue Reading Researchers identify new genetic variants in Hirschsprung’s disease development.
New research from The University of Queensland shows that seven compounds of the countless found in spider venom block a key step in the body’s ability to pass pain signals … Continue Reading Analysis of spider venom reveals multiple compounds with potential to relieve chronic pain.