All of our thoughts, bodily functions, memories, and senses are controlled by the central nervous system (CNS), consisting of the brain and spinal cord. Inside the CNS it is the … Continue Reading Textbooks redefined as microglia seen entering the Peripheral Nervous System.
Viruses have evolved to be highly effective vehicles for delivering genes into cells, with these vectors becoming critical in delivering genes to treat disease or label neurons. As viral vectors … Continue Reading Novel viral vectors deliver useful cargo to neurons throughout the brain and body.
Cell ablation is an important tool for selectively destroying one or multiple cells in a given organism to remove a disease such as cancer or to produce the desired response … Continue Reading Researchers successfully eliminate neurons outside the brain to trigger obesity.
It is known that the loss or dysfunction of islet β cells in the pancreas results in an imbalance in blood glucose homeostasis, leading to the development of type 2 … Continue Reading Researchers identify new links between nicotine and type 2 diabetes.
It is known that the regenerative capacity of the injured central nervous system (CNS) in adult mammals is severely limited, yet axons in the peripheral nervous system (PNS) regrow, albeit … Continue Reading Gene pathway responsible for peripheral nervous system regeneration identified.
The peripheral nervous system is a vast network of nerves that exists primarily outside of brain and spinal cord and connects to the far reaches of the body. The very … Continue Reading Study shows how protein promotes regeneration of injured peripheral nerves.
White adipose tissue, or fat tissue, serves as a storage depot for energy-rich triglycerides. In times of need this lipid storage can be released as part of an adaptive response … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown neural mechanism responsible for fat breakdown.
About 15% of patients with Lyme disease develop peripheral and central nervous system involvement, often accompanied by debilitating and painful symptoms. Now, researchers from Tulane National Primate Research Center and Louisiana … Continue Reading Researchers map neuroinflammation and nervous system manifestations of Lyme disease.
Although serotonin is well known as a brain neurotransmitter, it is estimated that 90 percent of the body’s serotonin is made in the digestive tract. In fact, altered levels of … Continue Reading Researchers identify gut’s role in peripheral serotonin production and shaping the nervous system.
Genetic studies in humans, zebrafish and mice have revealed how two different types of genetic variations team up to cause a rare condition called Hirschsprung’s disease. The findings from Johns … Continue Reading Researchers identify new genetic variants in Hirschsprung’s disease development.
Researchers at Georgia State University have found that brown fat tissue, the body’s ‘good fat’, communicates with the brain through sensory nerves. The team state that this good fat is … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map the communication pathway between the brain and brown fat.
The nervous system may play a bigger role in infections and autoimmune diseases than previously known. If researchers can learn more about that role, it could provide insight into diagnosing … Continue Reading Nervous system may play bigger role in infections than previously known.