A person’s memory is where the brain encodes, stores, and retrieves information, where it can also be used as a record of experience for guiding learned behavior. Different areas of … Continue Reading Specific neurons responsible for location-based memories decoded and identified.
The prevalence of chronic diseases has become public health concerns and strains on an over-burdened healthcare system, therefore to effectively control chronic disease and improve the quality of life for … Continue Reading Researchers take steps towards using the human body for data storage, transmission.
Acting as natural computers, our brains contain trillions of cells to store memory and control the body’s functions and emotions. Around one in ten of the countless cells in the … Continue Reading Microglia filmed shaping synapses for the first time.
In his famous experiment, Ivan Pavlov rang a bell each time he fed his dogs, which resulted in the animals drooling in anticipation every time they heard the bell, even … Continue Reading Study identifies the brain cells regulating the Pavlovian response.
Diseases related to tobacco smoking have been shown to kill approximately half of long-term smokers when compared to average mortality rates faced by non-smokers. Giving up smoking has huge benefits … Continue Reading Brain circuit that supports smoking cessation identified.
Genetically-coded brain circuits can switch feeding and drinking behaviours on and off in mice.
In roughly 20 million people with drug-resistant epilepsy, focal seizures originating in dysfunctional brain networks will often evolve and spread to surrounding tissue, disrupting function in otherwise normal brain regions. … Continue Reading Study identifies the brain network that controls the spread of epileptic seizures.
In patients with Parkinson’s disease, gait disorders and difficulty with balance are often caused by the degeneration of a specific type of neuron, called cholinergic neurons, in a region of … Continue Reading New technique begins to map and untangle neuronal networks in Parkinson’s disease.
Cocaine is a strong central nervous system stimulant that increases levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine in brain circuits regulating pleasure and movement. Normally, dopamine is released by neurons in these … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map brain regions and circuits changed by cocaine-use.
The serotonin receptors, also known as 5-hydroxytryptamine receptors or 5-HT receptors, are a group of G protein-coupled receptors and ligand-gated ion channels found in the central and peripheral nervous systems. … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown subtypes of 5HT neurons.
The brain controls most of a person’s behaviour and changes in how brain areas work and communicate with each other can alter this behaviour and lead to impairments associated with … Continue Reading New neuroimaging technique shows how the ‘social brain’ is impaired in autism.
Human multitasking is the apparent performance by an individual of handling more than one task, or activity, at the same time. Studies have shown that some people can be trained … Continue Reading Neuroimaging study maps the neural basis of multitasking.
When a person walks around the block, their body is mostly on autopilot; they don’t have to consciously think about alternating each step or which muscles it takes to lift … Continue Reading Researchers visualise motor neurons in real-time on a genetic sub-type level.
Researchers at Columbia University and Washington University have found that key parts of the human brain network that give a person the power to control and redirect their attention, a … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown human-specific attention network in the brain.
A new study from researchers at Stanford University found that synchronized physiological interactions between remote regional brain neuron networks have genetic underpinnings. The research was performed at Stanford but was … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map the neurogenetics of neural network theory.
Study begins to map the epigenetics of brain plasticity, the switch which changes neuronal function.
Scientists at the Salk Institute have discovered that the role of neurons, which are responsible for specific tasks in the brain, is much more flexible than previously believed. By studying … Continue Reading Study begins to map the epigenetics of brain plasticity, the switch which changes neuronal function.