The core body temperature of a mammal is highly controlled being maintained at roughly 37° C throughout life. However, a short supply of food can cause some mammals to enter a … Continue Reading Two separate studies identify & activate neurons in mice to induce hibernation, hinting at suspended animation in humans.
Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience caused by stimulating nerve receptors contained within tissue damaged by trauma. Usually, the pain dissipates once the traumatic stimulus is removed and … Continue Reading Study claims to have found the center of pain in the brain.
Plasma cells are a type of immune cell originating in the bone marrow as B cells, another type of white blood cell. Once the B cells leave the bone marrow … Continue Reading Brain pathway capable of controlling adaptive immunity discovered.
Easily accessible and highly habit-forming, alcohol is now one of the world’s most addictive substances, with roughly two billion individuals worldwide consuming it and three million associated with its misuse … Continue Reading Researchers map key neural circuit regulating alcohol consumption.
A person’s memory is where the brain encodes, stores, and retrieves information, where it can also be used as a record of experience for guiding learned behavior. Different areas of … Continue Reading Specific neurons responsible for location-based memories decoded and identified.
In vitro testing is the controlled process of testing biological materials outside of the living organism in a synthetic environment set-up within laboratory equipment. Experimenting with tissues in culture can … Continue Reading Microfluid device kept live brain tissue functional for 25 days.
Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide, affecting more than 300 million people globally. This disorder is characterized by persistent sadness and a loss of interest in activities, accompanied … Continue Reading Gender-distinct circuit for depression identified in mice.
Chronic pain is defined as any persistent pain which lasts more than 3 months, with research indicting over 85% of patients suffering from chronic pain are affected by severe depression. … Continue Reading Molecular link between chronic pain and depression identified.
In an amazing feat, the brain can measure time continuously, keeping the person aware of how long they have performed a certain task, such as eating or sleeping. Accordingly, this … Continue Reading Long hypothesized, elusive neuron finally discovered.
When a person looks at an object, each eye sees it from a slightly different angle and sends those binocular-based pictures back to the brain. The differences between the two … Continue Reading Neurons responsible for 3D vision identified.
Dyslexia is one of the most widespread learning disabilities, with many different therapeutic and learning strategies used to tackle the reading and writing difficulties associated with the disorder, however to-date … Continue Reading Researchers map the neural mechanisms of dyslexia in the brain.
Memorizing and predicting aversive or unpleasant events is a critical function of neural circuits responsible for survival and emotional well-being. There is much interest in how the brain creates the … Continue Reading Brain pathways of aversion identified.
Insomnia is a sleep disorder where people have difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep for a healthy amount of time, with over 770 million people suffering from sleeplessness worldwide. Currently, … Continue Reading 1.3 million patient genetics study identifies brain cells involved in insomnia.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety-based disorder that can develop after a person is involved in or has witnessed traumatic events. The main treatment for people with PTSD are … Continue Reading New brain region that suppresses fear identified.
Interestingly, the current definition of free will is described as a combination of two cognitive processes, namely the desire to act, also known as volition, and a sense of responsibility … Continue Reading Origins of free will mapped in the human brain.
A person perceives the world around them through multiple senses, with concurrent impulses of signals in different sensory modalities, such as a flash and a beep, readily deciphered and merged … Continue Reading Study develops 4D glasses allowing wearers to be touched by a movie.