Astrocytes are the most abundant glial cells in the central nervous system (CNS) known to be involved in many roles in the brain including the composition of the blood-brain barrier, … Continue Reading Astrocytes found to have a direct role in brain plasticity.
Olfactory neurons are cells in the nasal cavity with the ability to regenerate, responsible for perceiving odors and passing the information along to the brain. They project axons to the … Continue Reading Genetically-engineered olfactory cells successfully bypass the BBB to kill brain cancer tumors.
Mental illness, particularly bipolar disorder and depression, can be difficult to diagnose as many conditions have similar symptoms. These two illnesses are virtually identical except individuals with bipolar disorder also … Continue Reading Neuroimaging distinguishes between bipolar disorder and depression in human study.
The enteric nervous system (ENS) is known as the second brain, or the brain in the gut, due to the fact it can operate independently of the central nervous system … Continue Reading Study identifies previously unknown neuronal activity in the gut.
A person perceives the world around them through multiple senses, with concurrent impulses of signals in different sensory modalities, such as a flash and a beep, readily deciphered and merged … Continue Reading Study develops 4D glasses allowing wearers to be touched by a movie.
One percent of adults and 5% of children are unable to achieve what most of us take for granted, speaking without stuttering. Instead, they struggle with words, often repeating the … Continue Reading Researchers map the cause of stuttering in the brain.
Some expectant parents play classical music for their unborn babies hoping to boost their children’s cognitive capacity, and while some research supports a relationship between prenatal sound exposure and improved … Continue Reading Researchers identify first responders to sound in the brain.
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common dementia type, with no treatment to slow down the progression of this dehumanizing disease currently available. The mechanisms of AD are poorly understood … Continue Reading Astrocytes linked to Alzheimer’s disease for the first time.
During neurodevelopment, the brain fabricates an incredible number of neurons which then migrate to specific parts of the brain. The development of new neurons is active all the way through … Continue Reading Study identifies how adult brain circuits regulate new neuron production.
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a long-term neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system whose symptoms generally come on slowly over time, mainly affecting the motor system. The most common genetic … Continue Reading Scientists identify a role for main Parkinson’s gene in the brain.
Neuroprosthesis research in amputee patients aims to develop new prostheses that move and feel like real limbs. controlled directly by patients using their brains to provide sensory feedback. Targeted muscle … Continue Reading Advanced bionic limbs mapped in the brain for the first time.
Identifying relevant genetic interactions contributing to neurodevelopmental disorders is a huge challenge facing scientists. Now, a study from researchers at the Whitehead Institute identifies a direct link between deletions in … Continue Reading Genetic body/brain connection identified in genomic region linked to autism.
During brain development, the formation of neuronal synapses at the right time, the right place, and the right strength are crucial to the ongoing function of the brain throughout life. … Continue Reading Astrocytes regulate the formation of synapses in neurodevelopment.
The human brain is the source of a person’s thoughts, emotions, perceptions, actions, and memories. One challenge for neuroscience is to achieve an integrated understanding of brain-wide interactions, particularly the … Continue Reading Study identifies new function for the hippocampus.
To maintain homeostasis in the body, physiological imbalances produce motivational drives, one of which is thirst. This thirst produces a drive to seek and consume water, however, just how neural activity … Continue Reading Quench thirsting neurons in the brain identified.
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder as well as the leading cause of senile dementia worldwide, with no effective treatment and limited functionality for early diagnosis. Now, a … Continue Reading Noninvasive eye scan can detect key signs of Alzheimer’s Disease in humans.