The brain consists of two major types of cells, namely neurons and glial cells, with the immune-based glial cells providing support and protection for neurons in the central and peripheral … Continue Reading Study identifies previously unknown role of microglia in neurodevelopment.
The brain controls all functions in the body and interprets information from the outside world with intelligence, creativity, emotion, and memory all governed by the central nervous system. The central … Continue Reading Researchers identify the control mechanism of synapse formation.
Controlling a single brain chemical expands the window for learning language and music in an animal model.
Learning a language or recognizing music is usually a breeze for children, however, this capacity dramatically declines with age. Now, a study from researchers at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital … Continue Reading Controlling a single brain chemical expands the window for learning language and music in an animal model.
The age-old feeling of hunger, driven by negative energy balance, elicits the craving and consumption of food, and whilst this survival response is in part mediated by neurons in the … Continue Reading Two new networks of neurons identified in appetite regulation.
Neurons are continuously exposed to signals generated by the extracellular environment and the senses to drive key biological tasks. This ability has been exploited to engineer interfaces with nanostructures to … Continue Reading Nano-prosthetics developed to repair neural circuitry.
In his famous experiment, Ivan Pavlov rang a bell each time he fed his dogs, which resulted in the animals drooling in anticipation every time they heard the bell, even … Continue Reading Study identifies the brain cells regulating the Pavlovian response.
Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder exhibiting far-reaching clinical manifestations, with recent research focusing on gut-brain interactions involving the gut microbiota. However, researchers understand little about the link between … Continue Reading Pre-clinical study suggests Parkinson’s could start in the gut.
The spinal cord is extremely vulnerable to injury, however, unlike other parts of the body this extension of the brain does not have the ability to repair itself when damaged. … Continue Reading First human study targets cortical neurons in the brain to improve motor function.
The brain is the key regulator of appetite, body weight, and metabolism, controlling the passage of every nutrient that enters and exits the body. Specifically, there is a small group … Continue Reading Study finds small colony of neurons modulate amount of insulin the pancreas produces.
Stress is the feeling of being under acute mental or emotional pressure, where a person may feel unable to cope, leading to a wide variety of health problems. When stress … Continue Reading Neuroimaging connects stress-associated brain activity to cardiovascular disease in humans.
Cell ablation is an important tool for selectively destroying one or multiple cells in a given organism to remove a disease such as cancer or to produce the desired response … Continue Reading Researchers successfully eliminate neurons outside the brain to trigger obesity.
Genetically-coded brain circuits can switch feeding and drinking behaviours on and off in mice.
Through millions of years of trained evolution, all living organisms adapt their behavior in response to infection, however, the mechanisms behind this are less understood. Now, a study led by … Continue Reading Neurons regulate reproduction in fruit flies during infection.
An intricate sensory network intertwined across our bodies, the nervous system requires a specialized network of blood vessels for its development and survival. However, it is still unclear as to … Continue Reading Study shows that neurons modulate the growth of blood vessels.
Welcome to The Top Ten Healthinnovations of 2016, the third-year in our successful series, where the most exciting discoveries and breakthroughs are decided by you, the global medical community. This … Continue Reading The Top Ten Healthinnovations of 2016.
Pain hypersensitivity can spread to unaffected body regions immediately surrounding the initial insult. Sometimes it can even spread to the opposite site of the body or to large body areas … Continue Reading Pain-initiating function of glial cells identified for the first time.