Our onboard computer, the brain, is a sterile environment separated from the immune system by the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which is why it has its own resident immune cells, known … Continue Reading New role for white blood cells in the developing brain.
Like a silent assassin neurodegenerative diseases can cause the central nervous system to slowly deteriorate over time, which can lead to severe disorders involving movement or cognition. Neurodegenerative diseases, which … Continue Reading Previously unknown brain disorder identified.
Glial cells are immune cells found in the brain not directly involved in synaptic interactions or electrical signaling, although their supportive functions are known to play a crucial role in … Continue Reading Study identifies new key role for astrocytes in memory and learning.
Acting as natural computers, our brains contain trillions of cells to store memory and control the body’s functions and emotions. Around one in ten of the countless cells in the … Continue Reading Microglia filmed shaping synapses for the first time.
Researchers use AI to rescue embryos from brain defects by re-engineering cellular voltage patterns.
Improper neural patterning during brain development leads to serious disorders such as open neural tube defects, brain malformations, and susceptibility to autism or degenerative disorders. There are currently no clinically … Continue Reading Researchers use AI to rescue embryos from brain defects by re-engineering cellular voltage patterns.
One percent of adults and 5% of children are unable to achieve what most of us take for granted, speaking without stuttering. Instead, they struggle with words, often repeating the … Continue Reading Researchers map the cause of stuttering in the brain.
Some expectant parents play classical music for their unborn babies hoping to boost their children’s cognitive capacity, and while some research supports a relationship between prenatal sound exposure and improved … Continue Reading Researchers identify first responders to sound in the brain.
Identifying relevant genetic interactions contributing to neurodevelopmental disorders is a huge challenge facing scientists. Now, a study from researchers at the Whitehead Institute identifies a direct link between deletions in … Continue Reading Genetic body/brain connection identified in genomic region linked to autism.
During brain development, the formation of neuronal synapses at the right time, the right place, and the right strength are crucial to the ongoing function of the brain throughout life. … Continue Reading Astrocytes regulate the formation of synapses in neurodevelopment.
The brain consists of two major types of cells, namely neurons and glial cells, with the immune-based glial cells providing support and protection for neurons in the central and peripheral … Continue Reading Study identifies previously unknown role of microglia in neurodevelopment.
An intricate sensory network intertwined across our bodies, the nervous system requires a specialized network of blood vessels for its development and survival. However, it is still unclear as to … Continue Reading Study shows that neurons modulate the growth of blood vessels.
The development of neural connectivity is essential for brain function, and disruption of this process is associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Now, a study from researchers led by McMaster … Continue Reading Study identifies autism gene which regulates dendrite development to slow down brain communication.
A significant milestone in the evolution of the mammalian brain is the emergence of the corpus callosum, which is exclusively present in placental mammals. This commissure forms the largest axon … Continue Reading Neuroimaging shows that astrocytes are responsible for joining the 2 halves of the brain together.
A neuron is an electrically excitable cell that processes and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals in the brain. These signals between neurons occur via synapses, which connect to … Continue Reading Study maps neurogenetics of dendritic growth and formation.
Nervous system injuries affect over 90,000 people every year, with spinal cord injuries alone estimated to affect 10,000 people each year. As a result of this high incidence of neurological … Continue Reading Researchers successfully control mitochondria to regenerate damaged neurons.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition that manifests in early childhood and is characterized by impairments in social communication and presence of stereotyped behaviours and restricted interests, with … Continue Reading Mothers with diabetes more likely to have autism-linked anti-fetal brain autoantibodies.