During embryonic development, billions of neurons nimbly reposition themselves within the brain and spinal cord, and connect branches to form the neural circuits that ultimately control our movements, perception, and … Continue Reading Previously unknown molecule critical for neurodevelopment identified.
The brain controls most of a person’s behaviour and changes in how brain areas work and communicate with each other can alter this behaviour and lead to impairments associated with … Continue Reading New neuroimaging technique shows how the ‘social brain’ is impaired in autism.
Differences in the size and structure of certain brain areas have been found in some adults diagnosed with schizophrenia. Early findings came from the discovery of enlarged ventricles in people … Continue Reading Neuroimaging matches specific schizophrenia behaviour to the brain’s anatomy.
Autism is a lifelong neurodevelopmental disorder that affects how a person communicates with, and relates to, other people. Repetitive and restricted behaviour is perhaps the most widely recognized of the … Continue Reading Neuroimaging maps behaviour, brain structure difference in girls and boys with autism.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) represents a diverse group of neurodevelopmental conditions. The clinical presentation and outcome vary substantially. The use of genome-wide tests to provide molecular diagnosis for individuals with … Continue Reading Study identifies children with Autism who benefit from genetic testing.
The association between marijuana, also known as cannabis, and schizophrenia is historically fraught. In the 1960s and 1970s, scientists thought that smoking cannabis could trigger psychosis in anyone. Recent studies … Continue Reading Researchers identify link between cannabis use in young males and raised schizophrenia risk.
Last December, researchers identified more than 1,000 gene mutations in individuals with autism, however, it was still unclear as to how these mutations increased the risk for autism. Now, UNC … Continue Reading Researchers identify the single epigenetic mutation which causes autism.
Many genes responsible for the creation of synaptic proteins have previously shown to be strongly linked to schizophrenia and other brain disorders, however, until now the reasons have not been … Continue Reading Researchers identify schizophrenia’s ‘master-key’ gene.
Some common themes are beginning to emerge from research on structural and functional brain connectivity in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, much more work will be needed to learn how … Continue Reading Multiple neuroimaging studies point to brain connectivity changes in autism.
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego have found that the three-dimensional shape of the cerebral cortex, the wrinkled outer layer of the brain controlling many functions of thinking … Continue Reading First large-scale study finds topography of cerebral cortex differs with ancestral genetics.
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania have found for the first time that stress during the first trimester of pregnancy alters the population of microbes living in a mother’s vagina. … Continue Reading Study finds mother’s stress alters babies’ gut and neurodevelopment through vaginal microbiome.
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, a team of UCLA researchers have shown for the first time that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who are overly sensitive to sensory stimuli … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map sensory over-responsivity in autistic children and adolescents.
Children who received general anesthesia for surgery before age 4 had diminished language comprehension, lower IQ and decreased gray matter density in posterior regions of their brain, according to a … Continue Reading Researchers link surgical anesthesia in young children to adverse effects on IQ, brain structure.
Researchers from the University of Helsinki, ETH Zürich, Aix-Marseille and the German Mouse Clinic teamed up to investigate the initiation process of dendritic spines. They discovered that protein called MIM … Continue Reading Researchers discover an initiation mechanism for dendritic spines.
The formation of the neurovascular unit, blood brain-barrier tracked in real-time for the first time.
Crucial bodily functions like heart rate, blood flow, breathing and digestion are regulated by the neurovascular unit. The neurovascular unit is made up of the blood–brain barrier, blood vessels, microglia … Continue Reading The formation of the neurovascular unit, blood brain-barrier tracked in real-time for the first time.