A gene crucial for brain and heart development may also be associated with sudden unexplained death in epilepsy (SUDEP), the most common cause of early mortality in epilepsy patients. Scientists … Continue Reading Gene crucial for brain and heart development linked to sudden death in epilepsy.
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have solved the mystery of why a specific signalling pathway can be associated with alcohol dependence. This signalling pathway is regulated by a … Continue Reading Scientists link alcohol-dependence gene to neurotransmitter.
Children and adolescents with autism have a surplus of synapses in the brain, and this excess is due to a slowdown in normal brain ‘pruning’ process during development, according to … Continue Reading Neuroimaging study proves children with autism have extra synapses in brain.
As children learn basic arithmetic, they gradually switch from solving problems by counting on their fingers to pulling facts from memory. The shift comes more easily for some kids than … Continue Reading New research sheds light on how children’s brains memorise facts.
Researchers have long suspected that major mental disorders are genetically-rooted diseases of synapses, the connections between neurons. Now, investigators from Johns Hopkins University have demonstrated in patients’ cells how a … Continue Reading Suspect gene corrupts neural connections.
In the developing brain, special proteins that act like molecular tugboats push or pull on growing nerve cells, or neurons, helping them navigate to their assigned places amidst the brain’s … Continue Reading Scientists identify crucial guiding protein in neurogenesis.
A recent study conducted by researchers at the University of California and the University of Hawaii demonstrates a new approach to measuring early brain development of infants, resulting in more … Continue Reading Novel study maps infant brain growth via MRI in first three months of life.
Nature is thrifty. The same signals that embryonic cells use to decide whether to become nerves, skin or bone come into play again when adult animals are learning whether to … Continue Reading Notch developmental pathway regulates fear memory formation.
In the first study of its kind researchers from the Children’s Hospital Los Angeles found that children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) showed weaker brain activation during specific cognitive … Continue Reading Study shows prenatal alcohol exposure alters development of brain function.
Autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability often occur together and may even share similar genetic causes. Researchers reporting in Cell Reports have now linked mutations in a particular gene to … Continue Reading Mutated gene linked to both autism and intellectual disability.
Children who have been abused or neglected early in life are at risk for developing both emotional and physical health problems. In a new study, scientists have found that maltreatment … Continue Reading Stress tied to change in children’s gene expression related to emotion regulation, physical health.
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a genetic disorder that causes obsessive-compulsive and repetitive behaviours, and other behaviours on the autistic spectrum, as well as cognitive deficits. It is the most … Continue Reading Study links autistic behaviours to enzyme.
Nearly 60 percent of the risk of developing autism is genetic and most of that risk is caused by inherited variant genes that are common in the population and present … Continue Reading Common gene variants account for most of the genetic risk for autism.
The human body produces substances, called endocannabinoids, that work in a similar way to cannabis. These endocannabinoids may not produce a ‘high’, but are of tremendous importance for the functioning … Continue Reading Increased levels of the body’s own cannabinoids impair embryonic brain development.
Infants can tell the difference between sounds of all languages until about 8 months of age when their brains start to focus only on the sounds they hear around them. … Continue Reading Months before their first words, babies’ brains rehearse speech mechanics.