An ever-growing epidemic, obesity is a chronic medical condition where excess body fat has accumulated to the point it may cause a multitude of health disorders. Several studies have also … Continue Reading Visceral fat delivers a signal to the brain that impairs cognition.
The brain is comprised of billions of brain cells, a vast network of synapses and neurons transmitting electronic impulses like many stars in an infinite universe. A crucial support system … Continue Reading New role identified for astrocytes in brain processing.
Stuttering is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by pauses and repeated sounds or words, which disrupt the normal flow of speech, causing great embarrassment for some sufferers. For 1 in 4 … Continue Reading Brain cell involved in stuttering identified.
Existing in its own universe, controlling and caring for its host, the human gut contains trillions of bacteria, known as the microbiota, responsible for digesting food and regulating the immune … Continue Reading Gut microbiota protect against neurologic damage from viral infections.
All of our thoughts, bodily functions, memories, and senses are controlled by the central nervous system (CNS), consisting of the brain and spinal cord. Inside the CNS it is the … Continue Reading Textbooks redefined as microglia seen entering the Peripheral Nervous System.
Astrocytes are the most abundant glial cells in the central nervous system (CNS) known to be involved in many roles in the brain including the composition of the blood-brain barrier, … Continue Reading Astrocytes found to have a direct role in brain plasticity.
Glial cells are immune cells found in the brain not directly involved in synaptic interactions or electrical signaling, although their supportive functions are known to play a crucial role in … Continue Reading Study identifies new key role for astrocytes in memory and learning.
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common dementia type, with no treatment to slow down the progression of this dehumanizing disease currently available. The mechanisms of AD are poorly understood … Continue Reading Astrocytes linked to Alzheimer’s disease for the first time.
During brain development, the formation of neuronal synapses at the right time, the right place, and the right strength are crucial to the ongoing function of the brain throughout life. … Continue Reading Astrocytes regulate the formation of synapses in neurodevelopment.
The brain consists of two major types of cells, namely neurons and glial cells, with the immune-based glial cells providing support and protection for neurons in the central and peripheral … Continue Reading Study identifies previously unknown role of microglia in neurodevelopment.
The onset of ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, is marked by the gradual degradation and eventual death of neuronal axons, the slender projections on nerve cells which transmit … Continue Reading Researchers identify the key instigator of neuron damage in sporadic and inherited ALS.
Neurodegeneration in Alzheimer’s disease is thought to be caused by the abnormal behavior of amyloid-beta molecules, which are known to gather into tough fibril-like structures called amyloid plaques within patients’ … Continue Reading Human amyloid-beta shown to act as a powerful antibiotic in the brains of animal models.
It is known that repeated cocaine-use results in the development of behavioural sensitization, accompanied by a decrease in excitatory synaptic strength in the nucleus accumbens (NAc). Furthermore, glial cells in … Continue Reading Microglia-based mechanism that reduces effect of cocaine on the brain identified.
The human genome is composed of 20,000 genes and as of today, 3,200 of these genes are known to cause diseases, of which 1,700 are associated with ‘recessive’ diseases. Recessive … Continue Reading Researchers identify a previously unknown neurogenetic recessive disease.
Researchers at the Wihuri Research Institute and the University of Helsinki report a surprising finding that challenges current anatomy and histology textbook knowledge, they have found lymphatic vessels are present … Continue Reading Researchers find a previously unknown lymphatic system in the brain.
When new medicines are invented, the drug may hit the intended target and nullify the symptoms, but nailing a bull’s eye, one that produces zero side effects, can be quite … Continue Reading New technique gives first-ever view of TSPO anxiety protein structure.