Stating that sleep is an essential biological process seems as obvious as saying that the sun rises every morning. Yet, researchers’ understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of … Continue Reading Lipidomics study identifies common biomarkers of sleep debt in humans and rats.
Researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have added another piece to the complex puzzle of how the brain controls one of the most essential … Continue Reading Optogenetics study identifies neurons important for induction of natural REM sleep.
Why do some people develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) while others who suffered the same ordeal do not? A new UCLA discovery may shed light on the answer. UCLA scientists … Continue Reading Study identifies two genes that boost risk for post-traumatic stress disorder.
Drugs that boost the function of a specific type of neurotransmitter receptor may provide benefit to patients with the second most common type of dementia, according to research by scientists … Continue Reading Scientists boost receptor-function to treat Frontotemporal dementia.
While neurons rapidly propagate information in their interior via electrical signals, they communicate with each other at special contact points known as the synapses. Chemical messenger substances, the neurotransmitters, are … Continue Reading Scientists identify proteins responsible for synapse-vesicle fusion.
The majority of drugs used to treat asthma today are the same ones that were used 50 years ago. New drugs are urgently needed to treat this chronic respiratory disease, … Continue Reading Asthma-on-a-chip developed by Harvard researchers.
Researchers at University of California have identified a control mechanism for an area of the brain that processes sensory and emotive information that humans experience as ‘disappointment.’ The discovery of … Continue Reading Scientists discover ‘dimmer switch’ for mood disorders.
Many women suffer from baby blues after giving birth. Some even develop full-blown postpartum depression in the weeks that follow. Monoamine oxidase A, an enzyme responsible for the breakdown of … Continue Reading Researchers identify the biomarker for postpartum depression.
Dysfunction in dopamine signalling profoundly changes the activity level of about 2,000 genes in the brain’s prefrontal cortex and may be an underlying cause of certain complex neuropsychiatric disorders, such … Continue Reading UCI researchers find epigenetic tie to neuropsychiatric disorders.