Neurons in an area of the brain known as the hypothalamus control how much an animal eats, however, it is not clear what role the brain’s immune cells, known as … Continue Reading Astrocytes shown to regulate how much we eat.
The role of egg consumption in the risk of stroke and coronary heart disease has come under scrutiny over many years. Since eggs are a major source of dietary cholesterol, … Continue Reading Eating one egg per day associated with a 12% reduced risk of stroke.
Adult brain cancers are almost always universally fatal, due in part to the biochemical composition of the central nervous system and the blood-brain barrier, which selectively and protectively limits the … Continue Reading Animal study shows depriving deadly brain cancer of cholesterol kills tumour cells.
It has been estimated that there are approximately 14.5 million cancer survivors in the United States. Growing scientific evidence shows that health-related risk behaviours including tobacco use, alcohol use, physical … Continue Reading New study provides further evidence of the link between sugar-sweetened beverages and cancer.
For raised heath properties it is known that, compared with modern grain varieties which are often heavily refined, ancient grains offer antioxidant and anti-inflammatory profiles. They also contain beneficial vitamins … Continue Reading Human trial suggests eating bread made with ancient grains lowers cholesterol and blood glucose.
The decision to engage in food-seeking behaviour depends on homeostatic signals relating to energy balance and the presence of competing motivational drives, as well as learned brain cues signaling food … Continue Reading Neuroimaging shows the effect of hunger on the brain’s response to food cues.
There has been much focus on how to prevent heart disease by regulating the secretion of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) by the liver. These lipoproteins are known to increase … Continue Reading Study shows damage to previously unknown liver protein leads to heart disease, fatty liver.
In oncology, the Warburg effect is the observation that that the driver of tumourigenesis is an insufficient cellular respiration caused by insult to mitochondria. It postulates that most cancer cells, … Continue Reading Study uncovers vital Warburg effect pathway in brain tumour formation and metabolism.
Smoking and alcohol drinking are major causes of oesophageal cancer, particularly in many high-income countries. However, the majority of oesophageal cancers occur in parts of Asia, South America, and East … Continue Reading Piping hot drinks shown by WHO to increase risk of oesophageal cancer.
The intestines’ primary role is digestion, however, they must also achieve high performance around the clock defending against pathogens and environmental pollutants. This is because everything taken up with food … Continue Reading Study shows how an important intestinal immune response controller works.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder characterised by abdominal pain and altered bowel habits. IBS has a high prevalence of up to 15% among the general population … Continue Reading Breath-test used to diagnose irritable bowel syndrome in large human study.
The recent surge in obesity prevalence has been greatly influenced by food intake and diet composition. Energy from food comes in three macronutrient forms- fat, protein, and carbohydrate. Over the … Continue Reading First liver-generated hormone to work with brain to control sugar-intake identified.
A mammals’ body temperature is usually constant, however, when exposed to cold their body temperature drops by few degrees before slowly rising almost back to normal. This adaptive mechanism is … Continue Reading Study shows how gut microbiota regulates weight loss & good fat in the cold.
A primary function of cytokines is to initiate immune responses; however, it has become increasingly apparent that they play major roles in the regulation of energy homeostasis, implicating them in … Continue Reading Sensor protein shown to have dual role in immune-system and metabolism.
It has been shown that patterns of poor nutritional intake may exacerbate the elevated morbidity experienced by cancer survivors. While most cancer patients in the United States are motivated to … Continue Reading Large-scale study investigates the diet quality of cancer survivors.
There is well-established evidence that free radicals can cause cancer so researchers had assumed that antioxidants, which destroy them, provide protection against the disease. Found in many nutritional supplements, antioxidants … Continue Reading Study shows antioxidants speed-up the metastasis of malignant melanoma.