Sigma receptors, particularly the sigma-1 receptor subtype, which are expressed in both neurons and glia of multiple regions within the central nervous system, are a unique class of intracellular proteins … Continue Reading Neuroprotective receptor found to have important role in support cells for the retina.
A group of researchers from the Lomonosov Moscow State University and the University College Cork have studied the early response of cells to ischemia, which is a restriction in blood … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unseen mechanisms of the early response of cells to ischemia.
Oxidative stress has become a major topic; not only is it implicated in many diseases, it may even be one of their causes. Other environmental influences besides UV radiation can … Continue Reading Researchers use precision medicine to prove the effectiveness of Vitamin E as an antioxidant.
Injectable nanoparticles that could protect an injured person from further damage due to oxidative stress have proven to be astoundingly effective in tests to study their mechanism. Scientists at Rice … Continue Reading Nano-antioxidants shown to have ‘enormous’ capability to quench superoxides after traumatic injury.
Researchers at Oregon State University have developed a new way to selectively insert compounds into cancer cells, a system that will help surgeons identify malignant tissues and then, in combination … Continue Reading Nanotechnology guides cancer surgery and then selectively kills remaining malignant cells.
The power plants that fuel liver cells rapidly splinter when exposed to bile salts that aid digestion, prompting cell death, but blocking this excessive fission appears to protect the liver, … Continue Reading Controlling mitochondria cell-division reduces liver cell death in cholestasis.
Researchers have discovered a mechanism linked to the brain damage often suffered by stroke victims, and are now searching for drugs to block it. Strokes happen when the blood supply … Continue Reading Researchers identify the mechanism of stroke damage.