Cholera is a contagion that causes chronic diarrhea brought on through the intake of food or water contaminated with the Vibrio cholerae bacterium. Cholera affects roughly 4 million people per … Continue Reading Gut microbiota regulates resistance to cholera.
Malaria is a tropical disease affecting humans and animals through the bite of a mosquito, causing fatalities when it is not diagnosed and treated promptly. The majority of malaria cases … Continue Reading Microbe shows promise in controlling the spread of malaria.
A newly discovered memory in our bones: Blood stem cells boost immunity by keeping a record of previous infections.
Stem cells contained within the human body can differentiate into many different types of cells, in some cases regenerating or repairing tissue. Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), commonly known as blood … Continue Reading A newly discovered memory in our bones: Blood stem cells boost immunity by keeping a record of previous infections.
Due to the current novel coronavirus (nCoV) pandemic, researchers are vigorously rushing to investigate this and other diseases transmitted by animals to humans in an international bid to produce a … Continue Reading Synthetic decoy molecule neutralizes a range of animal-to-human viruses.
This is the sixth year running in the popular Top 10 Healthinnovations series, a list of the most viewed articles for the year on the Healthinnovations site. This is where … Continue Reading The Top 10 Healthinnovations of 2019.
A bacteriophage, also known as a phage, is a naturally-occurring virus with the awesome capability to infect and kill bacteria by injecting their DNA into bacterial cells which replicates until … Continue Reading Synthetic bacteriophages with programmable bacteria specificity engineered.
Infectious diseases continue to affect and kill a multitude of people worldwide, with vaccination seen as the most powerful weapon against this threat. Vaccines are prepared from weakened forms of … Continue Reading Synthetic vaccine can be stored at warmer temperatures.
The WHO recommends complete withdrawal of the oral polio vaccine (OPV) by April 2016 globally and replacing with at least one dose of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV). However, high-cost, limited … Continue Reading Researchers develop plant-based Polio booster vaccine.
Acute HIV-1 infection is the phase of HIV-1 disease immediately after infection that is characterized by an initial burst of viremia; although anti-HIV-1 antibodies are undetectable, HIV-1 RNA or p24 … Continue Reading Study captures HIV study early to successfully characterise the elusive acute infection period.
HIV, is a virus that attacks the body’s immune system. If left untreated, HIV can progress and develop into AIDS. HIV infection is enhanced by adhesive structures that form between … Continue Reading First-ever study captures HIV cell-to-cell transmission in a living animal.
African sleeping sickness is caused by the single-cell parasite Trypanosoma brucei and is spread by infected tsetse flies in sub-Saharan Africa. The disease is deadly, affecting both humans and livestock … Continue Reading Previously unknown protective enzyme identified in the sleeping sickness parasite.
Zika virus, an emerging flavivirus, generally causes mild infection in adult humans but is associated with severe neurologic complications and adverse fetal outcomes. Zika virus is transmitted to humans primarily … Continue Reading Study confirms that the Zika virus can be transmitted sexually.
The earliest events that occur following mucosal HIV-1 exposure remain poorly understood, largely because the eclipse period of infection prior to the detectable disease is very difficult to study in … Continue Reading Earliest ever events following HIV infection mapped for the first time.
Brazil is in the midst of an unprecedented epidemic of Zika virus (ZIKV), a flavivirus that is transmitted by mosquitoes and sexually, which was first detected in the country in … Continue Reading New research provides mechanism and evidence of how Zika virus causes microcephaly in newborns.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, meaning that the underlying problem is with the immune system. It is still unclear as to why the body’s immune system attacks and … Continue Reading Salmonella-based oral vaccine for T1 diabetes successful in animal model.
It is known that HIV, the causative agent of AIDS, is severely species restricted, and, to date, only humans and chimpanzees have been shown to be susceptible to infection. Human … Continue Reading First-ever study proves HIV targets & replicates in human macrophages.