Strenuous exercise in moderation translates into better endurance, however, it is unclear in precise medical terms which specific proteins trigger the health benefits gained through this exertion. Now, a study … Continue Reading Researchers identify precision medicine-based power switch for muscles.
Synthetic biology, the manufacture of previously unseen biologics, proffers unlimited potential to manipulate or rebuild imperfect processes within the body on the nanoscale. Mimicking biological processes by engineering nanostructures for … Continue Reading Tiny implants for single-cells are functional in vivo.
Under a microscope, it can be difficult to tell the difference between any two neurons, the cells in our brain responsible for storing and processing information. The mammalian brain contains … Continue Reading New technique identifies previously unknown human neurons.
Brown or good fat has long been investigated as a treatment for obesity and Type 2 diabetes due to the fact it burns energy faster than white fat, a type … Continue Reading Somatosensory neuron receptors used to form brown fat, have implications for diabetes and obesity.
It is known that neurons in the central nervous system of higher vertebrates are formed during embryonic development and that neurogenesis does not occur postnatally, except in the hippocampus. Buried … Continue Reading Researchers sucessfully make memories stronger and more precise during aging in mice.
Like a magician, the freshwater flatworm known as planaria can survive decapitation or even being cut into many pieces. Its ability to fully regenerate from tiny remnants of tissue is … Continue Reading Elusive key molecular signal for planarian stem cell regeneration identified.
High-density lipoproteins are complex particles composed of multiple proteins which transport fat molecules around the body. High-density lipoprotein particles are sometimes referred to as good cholesterol because they can transport … Continue Reading Human study identifies link between the GALNT2 gene and levels of HDL cholesterol.
It is known that skeletal muscle regeneration is impaired in age-related diseases such as sarcopenia, which is marked by reduced muscle regenerative capacity with aging, due in part to a … Continue Reading Study identifies gene responsible for regeneration of injured muscle by adult stem cells.
It is known that the formation of large numbers of polyps in the colon has a high probability of developing into colon cancer, if left untreated. The large-scale appearance of … Continue Reading Previously unknown gene mutation in hereditary colon cancer identified.
Colorectal cancer is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum, due to the abnormal growth of cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts … Continue Reading Genetic cause of 15% of all colorectal cancer diagnoses identified.
Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease (CMT) is a family of inherited disorders of the peripheral nervous system, affecting approximately one in 2,500 Americans. Its most common iteration, CMT1, comes in many forms, most … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown genetic cause of inherited neuropathy.
Nervous system injuries affect over 90,000 people every year, with spinal cord injuries alone estimated to affect 10,000 people each year. As a result of this high incidence of neurological … Continue Reading Researchers successfully control mitochondria to regenerate damaged neurons.
More than 600,000 patients in the United States alone suffer from end-stage liver disease, or cirrhosis. The only available cure is liver transplantation, but the shortage of donor livers means … Continue Reading New approach repairs living liver from within with no need of cell transplants.
Red blood cells are the most abundant cells in the human body, and transport oxygen and carbon dioxide. Millions of people worldwide suffer from anaemia, a condition in which the … Continue Reading Study identifies the genetic code of red blood cells.
Tails in lizards and arms in starfish show an astounding ability to regrow, however, mammals have partially lost the capacity to extensively regenerate body parts. The liver is unique among … Continue Reading Researchers use epigenetic mechanism to regenerate mammalian liver.
Genetic susceptibility is thought to play a role in common diseases including those affecting the colon such as inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) and colorectal cancer. As is the case for … Continue Reading Study shows how gut microbiota interact with genes to promote Crohn’s disease.