Stem cells contained within the human body can differentiate into many different types of cells, in some cases regenerating or repairing tissue. Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), commonly known as blood … Continue Reading A newly discovered memory in our bones: Blood stem cells boost immunity by keeping a record of previous infections.
Due to the current novel coronavirus (nCoV) pandemic, researchers are vigorously rushing to investigate this and other diseases transmitted by animals to humans in an international bid to produce a … Continue Reading Synthetic decoy molecule neutralizes a range of animal-to-human viruses.
Cancer is a genetic disease, caused by specific changes to the genes controlling the way cells function, particularly how they grow and divide. Genes are functional units of heredity made … Continue Reading Ancient DNA could identify and kill cancer.
A natural inbuilt timer, the circadian rhythm is a 24-hour cycle in all humans, plants, and animals determining sleep and feeding patterns. Circadian rhythms are endogenously generated and can be … Continue Reading The skin keeps time independently of the brain.
Bio-computers use systems of biologically derived molecules, such as DNA and proteins, to build circuitry inside cells which can perform computational calculations involving storing, retrieving, and processing data. In turn, … Continue Reading Artificial protein builds autonomous circuits to control any cellular process.
In early evolution gene duplication is an important event that resulted in new genes and genetically novel organisms. A classic example is the small soluble protein ferredoxin, an iron-sulfur protein … Continue Reading Researchers insert a synthetic primordial protein into a living organism.
Technologies are quickly advancing the way they store information in computers, CDs, DVDs, and even DNA. Despite these advancements, threats as simple as water and as complex as cyber-attacks can … Continue Reading Basic biological molecules used to store data, doesn’t use DNA.
Widely hailed as a breakthrough in cancer therapy, immunotherapies release the brakes of the body’s immune system to launch an efficient tumor attack, however, these treatments don’t work for every … Continue Reading Gut microbiome directs immune system to fight cancer.
Bioelectronics is the application of the principles of electronics to biology, being described as the research and development of bio-inspired electronic architectures down to the atomic scale in inorganic, and … Continue Reading Synthetic switch-in-a-cell ‘electrifies’ live bacteria.
In cytology or cell biology, cell adhesion is a process by which cells attach to neighbors through specialized structures on their surface. Cell adhesion can occur either through direct contact … Continue Reading Previously unknown human cell structure identified.
Strenuous exercise in moderation translates into better endurance, however, it is unclear in precise medical terms which specific proteins trigger the health benefits gained through this exertion. Now, a study … Continue Reading Researchers identify precision medicine-based power switch for muscles.
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a long-term neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system whose symptoms generally come on slowly over time, mainly affecting the motor system. The most common genetic … Continue Reading Scientists identify a role for main Parkinson’s gene in the brain.
There are two classifications of cells in the human body, namely, germ cells that are used to make sperm and eggs, and somatic cells making up every other cell in … Continue Reading New lung cell type identified.
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder as well as the leading cause of senile dementia worldwide, with no effective treatment and limited functionality for early diagnosis. Now, a … Continue Reading Noninvasive eye scan can detect key signs of Alzheimer’s Disease in humans.
The brain controls all functions in the body and interprets information from the outside world with intelligence, creativity, emotion, and memory all governed by the central nervous system. The central … Continue Reading Researchers identify the control mechanism of synapse formation.
Telomeres are our own personal inbuilt clock found at the end of chromosomes dictating how and when we age, with these protective caps ensuring no damage comes to the DNA … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown telomere-specific protein.