Memories are formed at structures in the brain known as dendritic spines which communicate with other brain cells via synapses. It is known that the number of these brain connections … Continue Reading Study identifies cause of dendritic pruning defect linked to autism and schizophrenia.
Amyloidosis is a general term for several different types of disease. Aggregates of amyloid proteins form and deposit in different tissues which can affect the normal function. As the disease … Continue Reading Towards a new sensitive method for the early detection of amyloidosis.
It is known that the cells inside a malignant cancer tumour differ a lot. While some cancer cells do not cause trouble, others become aggressive and start to spread, or … Continue Reading Protein which characterises and regulates the spread of aggressive cancer cells identified.
The human heart is a remarkable muscle, beating more than 2 billion times over the average life span. However, the heart’s efficiency can decrease over time. One major contributor to … Continue Reading Study identifies protein with power to improve heart function.
Proneural proteins of the class I/II basic-helix-loop-helix (bHLH) family are transcription factors that are highly conserved from invertebrates to humans. Class I bHLH proteins are expressed in a broad number … Continue Reading New role revealed for neurogenesis protein associated with schizophrenia.
Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune disorder that affects 2% of the world population. It is characterised by inflammation and scaling of the skin, accompanied by a greater risk of contracting … Continue Reading Researchers identify a link between psoriasis and bone loss.
It is known that cell death is a mechanism used by multicellular organisms to help them survive by removing infected, damaged or unwanted cells. Mitochondria are known as the energy-generating … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown pathway for cell death.
Mitochondria are the cellular powerplant and, reliant on nutrient status, it is known that Vitamin B turns mitochondria into cellular builders. Through vitamin B, mitochondria produce substances to make ingredients … Continue Reading Mitochondria dysfunction shown to cause vitamin b imbalance and genetic changes.
Wound repair is an important aspect of physiology, and disruption of this process can result in a number of defects involving wound healing, chronic ulceration and scarring. A scar on … Continue Reading Study pinpoints protein that helps to regulate wound healing.
Adult stem cells provide the body with a reservoir from which damaged or used up tissues can be replenished. In organs like the intestines and skin, which need constant rejuvenating, … Continue Reading Study verifies how stem cells get activated to produce new hair.
Brown adipose tissue, brown fat, is a key tissue that controls the energy balance of whole body. Excessive energy is dissipated in the form of heat by brown adipocytes specialized … Continue Reading Study identifies pathway in brown fat responsible for better metabolism.
The peripheral nervous system is a vast network of nerves that exists primarily outside of brain and spinal cord and connects to the far reaches of the body. The very … Continue Reading Study shows how protein promotes regeneration of injured peripheral nerves.
Type 1 diabetes is the autoimmune form of diabetes, in which insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas are destroyed by immune cells, especially those known as T cells. Insulin is … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown class of antigen present in T1 diabetes.
Synthetic biology uses natural molecules and assembles them into a system that acts unnaturally. The ability to control the transfer of molecules through cellular membranes is an important function in … Continue Reading New ‘nanoneedles’ puncture cell membrane to release payload on command.
With Alzheimer’s disease medical professionals have to conduct costly brain imaging scans, and sometimes, invasive cerebral spinal fluid tests to rule out other diseases. Now, a new study from researchers … Continue Reading Human study identifies biomarker in blood for Alzheimer’s disease.
Preeclampsia, which affects 5 to 8% of pregnancies worldwide, is characterized by high blood pressure and protein in the urine. The disorder is the number one reason physicians decide to … Continue Reading New field-based test for preeclampsia validated in large-scale study.