Manual body regulation is a relatively new theory that explores controlling the body, and its related processes via neurons, neuronal colonies, and neuron-like cells supplanted throughout our systems manually. Olfactory … Continue Reading New olfactory receptor identified in the human bladder and bladder cancer.
Communication between the gut and brain is thought to control a cornucopia of systems within the body. The gut-brain information highway, also known as the gut-brain axis, is regulated by … Continue Reading Neuron-like cells provide nervous system with window into the gut.
Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder in childhood. Epilepsy is more than twice as common in children as in adults. This statistic reflects the fact that epilepsy frequently remits in … Continue Reading Study shows that brain receptor which increases during puberty reduces epilepsy in mice.
Approximately 16% of adults in the United States report drug use, however, not everyone who experiments with drugs becomes an addict. Environmental and societal factors play a role in addiction … Continue Reading First ever study identifies epigenetic markers that influence addiction in animal model.
When the body is fighting an invading pathogen, white blood cells, including T cells, must respond. T-cell receptors (TCRs) recognize pathogens during T-cell–mediated adaptive immune responses. The binding between TCRs … Continue Reading New imaging provides unprecedented detail of immune cells’ surface.
Performance of cognitive tasks requires reallocation of resources within and among cortical networks. Understanding the molecular mechanisms that govern such network dynamics is a longstanding goal of cognitive neuroscience. A … Continue Reading Neuroimaging maps interaction between neural networks during working memory.
The intestines’ primary role is digestion, however, they must also achieve high performance around the clock defending against pathogens and environmental pollutants. This is because everything taken up with food … Continue Reading Study shows how an important intestinal immune response controller works.
NMDA glutamate receptors function as receptors which bond with glutamates, and are known to be deeply involved in memory and learning. In order for memories to be created inside the … Continue Reading Study identifies microtubule protein crucial for synaptic plasticity and memory.
Memories are formed at structures in the brain known as dendritic spines which communicate with other brain cells via synapses. It is known that the number of these brain connections … Continue Reading Study identifies cause of dendritic pruning defect linked to autism and schizophrenia.
Whenever a person learns something new or is affected by their experiences it’s because synapses, the connections between neurons in the brain, have changed. Sometimes new synapses are made, and … Continue Reading Study shows how astrocytes help control synapse strength and plasticity.
All animals need to sleep for varying durations and in humans, sleep duration changes over their lifetime, gradually reducing from birth through to old age. The mammalian body appears to … Continue Reading Researchers identify neurogenetics responsible for sleep duration.
It is known that the loss or dysfunction of islet β cells in the pancreas results in an imbalance in blood glucose homeostasis, leading to the development of type 2 … Continue Reading Researchers identify new links between nicotine and type 2 diabetes.
Caring for patients with heart failure costs the United States $40 billion a year. Despite the condition’s enormous impact, few new treatments have been developed, and those that exist produce … Continue Reading Human study identifies sleep gene linked to heart failure.
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a potent tyrosine kinase, which regulates basic cell functions such as proliferation. EGFR has been strongly associated with poor prognosis in many types … Continue Reading Researchers identify a previously unknown mechanism in cancer metastasis.
Dopamine deficiency in the basal ganglia is known to cause severe motor dysfunctions such as slowness of movement, or bradykinesia, as seen in Parkinson’s disease. Dopamine binds D1 and D2 receptors … Continue Reading Study identifies the cause of slowness of movement in Parkinson’s disease.
Morphine mediates its euphoric and analgesic effects by acting on the μ-opioid receptor (MOR). MOR belongs to the family of G-protein coupled receptors whose signaling efficiency is controlled by the … Continue Reading Researchers identify key morphine regulator in the brain.