The brain is comprised of billions of brain cells, a vast network of synapses and neurons transmitting electronic impulses like many stars in an infinite universe. A crucial support system … Continue Reading New role identified for astrocytes in brain processing.
An out-of-control pandemic still growing after many decades, chronic pain is the most common reason for physician consultation in most developed countries around the world, with almost one in five … Continue Reading Previously unknown sensory organ identified.
During brain development, the formation of neuronal synapses at the right time, the right place, and the right strength are crucial to the ongoing function of the brain throughout life. … Continue Reading Astrocytes regulate the formation of synapses in neurodevelopment.
Brown or good fat has long been investigated as a treatment for obesity and Type 2 diabetes due to the fact it burns energy faster than white fat, a type … Continue Reading Somatosensory neuron receptors used to form brown fat, have implications for diabetes and obesity.
Abnormalities in human airway smooth muscle cell function and structure play critical roles in chronic inflammatory airway diseases, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cystic fibrosis. One key … Continue Reading Olfactory receptors discovered in human bronchi.
Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is becoming increasingly prevalent. Urban crowding means that large cities are getting noisier, particularly in developing countries. WHO predicts that by 2030, one billion people will … Continue Reading Study identifies the genetic cause and mechanism for noise-induced hearing loss.
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, a team of UCLA researchers have shown for the first time that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who are overly sensitive to sensory stimuli … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map sensory over-responsivity in autistic children and adolescents.
Researchers at the Max Planck Institute, VU University Amsterdam and Max Planck Florida Institute state that they have succeeded in reconstructing the neuronal networks that interconnect the elementary units of … Continue Reading New 3d neuronal labeling technique provides most comprehensive study of cortical circuitry to date.
A new study by Brown University neuroscientists details how the neocortex selectively samples from the flow of sensory information that might otherwise flood it. The team state that the usual … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map the corticothalamic pathway in selective neuroplasticity.
Researchers at Georgia State University have found that brown fat tissue, the body’s ‘good fat’, communicates with the brain through sensory nerves. The team state that this good fat is … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map the communication pathway between the brain and brown fat.
Pain is the body’s protective mechanism and a complex neurological phenomenon. Moreover, ongoing pain in the sense of chronic pain can be a disease. Scientists from Technische Universität München (TUM) … Continue Reading Neuroimaging study shows brain processes ongoing pain more emotionally.
First detailed blueprint for a spinal circuit for integrating motor and sensory commands from the brain.
Walking across an icy parking lot in winter, and remaining upright, takes intense concentration. But a new discovery suggests that much of the balancing act that the human body performs … Continue Reading First detailed blueprint for a spinal circuit for integrating motor and sensory commands from the brain.
Researchers at Duke University have mapped a direct cell-to-cell connection between the gut and the nervous system. The new system may change researchers’ understanding of how the brain senses that … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map direct gut-to-brain connection.
After an incomplete spinal cord injury, the body can partially recover basic motor function. So-called muscle spindles and associated sensory circuits back to the spinal chord promote the establishment of … Continue Reading Trigger mechanism for recovery after spinal cord injury identified.
When a person touches something hot or bumps into a sharp object, it’s no surprise that it hurts. But for people with certain chronic pain disorders, including fibromyalgia and phantom … Continue Reading Scientists begin to map spinal chord-to-brain circuitry responsible for chronic pain.