In the vast microscopic world contained within the human body, a universal component of all cell membranes is known as a lipid bilayer, a biological membrane consisting of two layers … Continue Reading Synthetic DNA nanopore selects and transports macromolecules across cell membranes.
For the greatest chance of survival, cancer screening needs to detect the disease before symptoms appear. Current cancer detection involves blood tests, urine tests, DNA tests, and/or medical imaging, however, … Continue Reading DNA computer can detect cancer on a single-cell basis.
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic-based disorder primarily affecting the lungs. The gene affected by cystic fibrosis is CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator), controlling the movement of electrolytes in and … Continue Reading New lung cell type discovered.
Synthetic biology, the manufacture of previously unseen biologics, proffers unlimited potential to manipulate or rebuild imperfect processes within the body on the nanoscale. Mimicking biological processes by engineering nanostructures for … Continue Reading Tiny implants for single-cells are functional in vivo.
Under a microscope, it can be difficult to tell the difference between any two neurons, the cells in our brain responsible for storing and processing information. The mammalian brain contains … Continue Reading New technique identifies previously unknown human neurons.
DNA is the primary information storage medium in all living organisms and can be harnessed to act as synthetic cellular memory devices, one such DNA-based system harnessed for many different … Continue Reading The world’s smallest tape recorder is built from microbes.
Nanomachines made from synthetic DNA motors have the potential to mimic natural protein motors in cells, however, the operation of synthetic DNA motors in living corpuscles has not yet been … Continue Reading Autonomous nanomachines perform biologic functions in live cells.
Epilepsy is a common neurological condition characterized by spontaneous, recurrent synchronous discharges of a population of neurons, unprovoked by a known proximal cause. Epilepsy is the second most common neurological … Continue Reading Relief for epilepsy at the scale of a single cell.
Mitochondria, often called the cell’s energy powerhouse, are small organelles which reside in a cell’s cytoplasm and convert food into energy or building blocks. Mutations in mitochondrial DNA, or mtDNA, … Continue Reading Performing single-cell surgery with a laser-powered nanoblade.
Synthetic biology uses natural molecules and assembles them into a system that acts unnaturally. The ability to control the transfer of molecules through cellular membranes is an important function in … Continue Reading New ‘nanoneedles’ puncture cell membrane to release payload on command.
How HIV-1 overcomes the person’s defenses and infects their cells has been studied intensively for over 30 years. While much has been learned, there remain events in the viral life … Continue Reading Researchers reveal and image new phase of HIV infection for the first time.
There is tremendous interest in mapping all the neuron connections in the human brain with the ultimate goal to better understand how the billions of neurons in the brain communicate … Continue Reading Nanoparticles used to track the action potential of a single neuron for the first time.
DNA methylation is essential for the proper control of gene expression and cell identity, what enables cells with the same genetic material to become, for example, a nerve cell, a … Continue Reading Single-cell imaging developed which can record DNA methylation in real time.
Around the turn of the 20th century, a Spanish neuroscientist named Santiago Ramón y Cajal created intricate images of intertwined neurons that changed neuroscience forever. His exquisite illustrations helped scientists … Continue Reading Researchers have developed single-cell imaging for the brain on the nanoscale.
In the first study of its kind researchers from UCLA and the University of Leicester found that neurons in a specific brain region play a key role in rapidly forming … Continue Reading First ever study records memory being encoded in individual neurons.
Brain cancer patients may live longer thanks to a new cancer-detection method developed by researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University and the Polytechnique Montréal. The collaborative team has … Continue Reading Revolutionary probe enables surgeons to detect all invasive brain cancer cells during surgery.