Approximately half the adult population in the United States is suffering from back or neck pain whose treatment and care costs result in an estimated 195 billion USD a year. … Continue Reading Spinal discs made of engineered living tissue implanted in large animal model.
Car accidents or sports injuries, even too much texting can injure the peripheral nerves, leaving people with numbness, tingling or weakness in their limbs. For cases requiring surgery, standard practice … Continue Reading First ever bioelectronic medicine speeds up nerve regeneration in animal studies.
Neurons are continuously exposed to signals generated by the extracellular environment and the senses to drive key biological tasks. This ability has been exploited to engineer interfaces with nanostructures to … Continue Reading Nano-prosthetics developed to repair neural circuitry.
The spinal cord is extremely vulnerable to injury, however, unlike other parts of the body this extension of the brain does not have the ability to repair itself when damaged. … Continue Reading First human study targets cortical neurons in the brain to improve motor function.
An intricate sensory network intertwined across our bodies, the nervous system requires a specialized network of blood vessels for its development and survival. However, it is still unclear as to … Continue Reading Study shows that neurons modulate the growth of blood vessels.
Pain hypersensitivity can spread to unaffected body regions immediately surrounding the initial insult. Sometimes it can even spread to the opposite site of the body or to large body areas … Continue Reading Pain-initiating function of glial cells identified for the first time.
Stroke and spinal cord injury patients often require gait rehabilitation to regain the ability to walk or to help strengthen their muscles. Wearable robot-assisted training is quickly emerging as a … Continue Reading First-ever biomimetic lower-limb robotic exoskeleton developed.
Stem cells are non-specialized cells found in different organs, which have the capacity to generate specialized cells in the body. In the adult brain, neural stem cells give rise to … Continue Reading Study shows cerebrospinal fluid signals control the behaviour of stem cells in the brain.
In Kennedy’s disease, the muscle cells and motor neurons, which are also linked to muscle function, are damaged as a result of the accumulation of androgen receptor fibers, a process … Continue Reading Identification of a neuroprotector linked to a degenerative neuromuscular disease.
Delayed deterioration of neurological function after ischemia stroke is a well-documented clinical problem. However, minimal studies exist pertaining to spinal cord blood flow and blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB) integrity with … Continue Reading Study maps how a stroke damages the blood-spinal cord barrier.
Spinal muscular atrophy is a debilitating disease that causes weakness and wasting of the muscles. The disease ranges in severity with patients experiencing different symptoms, from the inability to sit … Continue Reading Molecular mechanism underlying neurodegeneration in spinal muscular atrophy identified.
Neuropathic pain is deﬁned as pain initiated or caused by a primary lesion or dysfunction in the nervous system. Chronic neuropathic leg pain is the most common form of neuropathic … Continue Reading Neuroimaging shows that spinal cord stimulation reduces emotional aspect of chronic pain.
During embryonic development, billions of neurons nimbly reposition themselves within the brain and spinal cord, and connect branches to form the neural circuits that ultimately control our movements, perception, and … Continue Reading Previously unknown molecule critical for neurodevelopment identified.
Biomarkers, such as those sought for Alzheimer’s disease, are benchmarks in the body that can be reliably measured to indicate the presence or absence of a disease, or the likelihood … Continue Reading Earliest-ever diagnosing tool for Alzheimer’s becomes international standard.
Mobility after paraplegia due to spinal cord injury (SCI) is primarily achieved by substituting the lost function with a wheelchair. However, the sedentary lifestyle associated with excessive wheelchair reliance can … Continue Reading Brain-computer interface enables paralyzed man to walk in world’s first.