A lack of understanding currently veils the field of brain injury, with sufferers undergoing cataclysmic personality changes as well as other chronic health problems affecting the whole body. Electronics are … Continue Reading Artificial and biological neurons communicate over the internet.
Acting as natural computers, our brains contain trillions of cells to store memory and control the body’s functions and emotions. Around one in ten of the countless cells in the … Continue Reading Microglia filmed shaping synapses for the first time.
The brain controls all functions in the body and interprets information from the outside world with intelligence, creativity, emotion, and memory all governed by the central nervous system. The central … Continue Reading Researchers identify the control mechanism of synapse formation.
Neurons are continuously exposed to signals generated by the extracellular environment and the senses to drive key biological tasks. This ability has been exploited to engineer interfaces with nanostructures to … Continue Reading Nano-prosthetics developed to repair neural circuitry.
Various neuronal activity recording and stimulating devices enable cellular exploration to further understand AI, brain diseases, and work towards developing the ‘immortal download’. Brain functions are controlled by millions of … Continue Reading A small step towards the immortal download, new neurochip records long-term brain cell activity.
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is characterized by cognitive decline, alteration of synaptic transmission, and neuronal death brought on by accumulation of neurofibrillary tangles in neurons and amyloid beta in the brain. … Continue Reading Study shows that vesicles appear to also contribute to Alzheimer’s disease.
It is known that nerves in the central nervous system of adult mammals do not usually regenerate when injured. However, the granule cell, a nerve cell located in the cerebellum, … Continue Reading Key molecule in the elusive regeneration of cerebellum synaptic connections identified.
Another year of growth for the Healthinnovations, many great breakthroughs, with previously immature technologies and disciplines coming into their own, as crucial parts of global innovation. For instance, biomarkers have … Continue Reading The Top Ten Healthinnovations of 2015.
Astrocytes are star-shaped glial cells in the brain and spinal cord. They perform many functions, including biochemical support of endothelial cells that form the blood–brain barrier, provision of nutrients to … Continue Reading Researchers purify and grow human astrocytes-in-a-dish for the first time ever.
Synapses are specialized, protein-rich cell junctions that are essential for normal brain function and are dysfunctional in many diseases and disorders of the nervous system. Synapses are made up of … Continue Reading Study identifies elusive master regulator of synaptic protein sorting.
Around the turn of the 20th century, a Spanish neuroscientist named Santiago Ramón y Cajal created intricate images of intertwined neurons that changed neuroscience forever. His exquisite illustrations helped scientists … Continue Reading Researchers have developed single-cell imaging for the brain on the nanoscale.
The retina is a layer of tissue in the back of the eye that converts light into nerve impulses. The retina contains small, specialized neurons called bipolar cells that transmit … Continue Reading Researchers discover previously uncharted part of the eye.
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia, affecting over 44 million people worldwide. Inside the brain, Alzheimer’s disease is characterized by loss of neurons, and presence of abnormal … Continue Reading Protein involved in Alzheimer’s proven to have a role in weakening synaptic plasticity.
Deadly brain tumours called high-grade gliomas grow with the help of nerve activity in the cerebral cortex, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of … Continue Reading Researchers show that brain cancer proliferation is stimulated by nerve activity in the cortex.
While recent reports question whether fish oil supplements support heart health, UC Irvine scientists have found that the fatty acids they contain are vitally important to the developing brain. In … Continue Reading Study shows neurodevelopment suffers from lack of fish oil fatty acids, importance of precursors.
Depression affects an estimated 350 million people worldwide and poses a major public health challenge, according to the World Health Organization. Researchers have discovered an unconventional way that serotonin is … Continue Reading New source of serotonin in the brain found and the effects on SSRI’s identified.