In early evolution gene duplication is an important event that resulted in new genes and genetically novel organisms. A classic example is the small soluble protein ferredoxin, an iron-sulfur protein … Continue Reading Researchers insert a synthetic primordial protein into a living organism.
Synthetic biology is quickly moving towards a future where genomes can be engineered-to-order, with researchers using this discipline to better define the minimal set of genes required for a living … Continue Reading Living artificial life constructed using human DNA.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a molecule that contains the genetic information to develop and maintain life. DNA consists of four bases, namely adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine. These four bases … Continue Reading Misregulation of DNA building blocks mapped in colon cancer development.
A group of researchers from the Lomonosov Moscow State University and the University College Cork have studied the early response of cells to ischemia, which is a restriction in blood … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unseen mechanisms of the early response of cells to ischemia.
When it comes to protecting cells from death brought on by the calamities of environmental stress, the human body is particularly ingenious. From cellular components that suck up misfolded proteins … Continue Reading Key epigenetic phosphorylation pathway identified that protects cells against death by stress.