Taste buds in the mouth are crucial for our survival, helping us to decide whether a certain food can be eaten or should be avoided. These mini warning systems contain … Continue Reading A new type of taste bud has been discovered.
Our onboard computer, the brain, is a sterile environment separated from the immune system by the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which is why it has its own resident immune cells, known … Continue Reading New role for white blood cells in the developing brain.
Cholera is a contagion that causes chronic diarrhea brought on through the intake of food or water contaminated with the Vibrio cholerae bacterium. Cholera affects roughly 4 million people per … Continue Reading Gut microbiota regulates resistance to cholera.
Symbiotic bacteria can be found living in and on the majority of our body’s surfaces, with 99 percent of these micro-interlopers inhabiting the human gastrointestinal tract. These intestinal microbes are … Continue Reading Augmented bacteriophage modulates gut microbiota to fight cancer.
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a commonly occurring bacterial infection affecting approximately thirty percent of women of reproductive age in the United States. BV is linked to the spread of HIV … Continue Reading Microbiome therapy protects against recurrent bacterial vaginosis.
Plasma cells are a type of immune cell originating in the bone marrow as B cells, another type of white blood cell. Once the B cells leave the bone marrow … Continue Reading Brain pathway capable of controlling adaptive immunity discovered.
Our immune system, consisting of proteins, microbes, and specialized immune cells known as white blood cell cells, is crucial for survival. Macrophages are a white blood cell engulfing and destroying … Continue Reading Newly discovered lung-only immune cells may have implications for coronavirus.
For people dealing with the life-changing and often devastating aftermath of disfiguring injuries or the loss of limbs, minimal reconstruction using the patients’ own tissues may not be a sufficient … Continue Reading Synthetic cell biomimics cancer to avoid transplant rejection.
Like billions of supporting military units in addition to immune cells in the body, eukaryotic cells contained in all mammals also add to the body’s immune system via their own … Continue Reading Newly discovered cell defense soaks up toxins like a sponge.
The body’s protector from all things dangerous, the immune system is a highly adaptive line of defense in the body consisting of a network of cells, skin and proteins guarding … Continue Reading First three-component artificial immune system made of DNA computers.
Policing what goes in and out of the body, the immune system is a line of defense guarding against infection whilst distinguishing foreign bodies from the person’s healthy tissue. One … Continue Reading Previously unknown human immune cell discovered.
A worldwide rise in immune and inflammatory diseases such as multiple sclerosis and inflammatory bowel diseases has been linked to Western society-based changes in lifestyle and environment. These include decreased … Continue Reading Sunlight affects the gut microbiota and vitamin D levels.
Infectious diseases continue to affect and kill a multitude of people worldwide, with vaccination seen as the most powerful weapon against this threat. Vaccines are prepared from weakened forms of … Continue Reading Synthetic vaccine can be stored at warmer temperatures.
According to the CDC, Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) is the most common vaginal infection in women aged between 15 and 44, affecting an estimated 21.2 million women nationwide. BV is associated … Continue Reading Researchers developing vaginal microbiota transplant to treat bacterial vaginosis.
A crucial part of our defence against disease, the composition and diversity of the gut microbiome can even affect how cancer immunotherapy works. However, little research has focused on the … Continue Reading The tumour microbiome influences immune response and survival in pancreatic cancer.
Cancer immunotherapy, which uses the body’s immune defenses to fight cancer, has transformed cancer treatment over the past decade, however, only a handful of solid tumors have responded to treatment, … Continue Reading Synthetic bacteria delivers nanobodies to kill cancer.